Chhattisgarh Current Affairs

Four States come together for elephant census

For the first time in India, four states Odisha, West Bengal, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand have decided to conduct a synchronised elephant census in May 2017.

These four together have the maximum number of human-elephant conflict-prone regions in India. This decision was taken by senior Forest Department officials of the four States during a regional workshop.

Key Facts
  • These states will conduct the census based on an identical set of rules using the direct and indirect counting methods
  • The direct counting method is based on sighting of elephants while the indirect method uses the elephant ‘dung decay’ formula, in which the analysis of dung is used to estimate the population.
  • The indirect method has already been used by Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Direct method can be used alone because it is not possible to cover entire area during the census
  • As per the 2015 census, Odisha has 1,954 elephants while Jharkhand has 700, Chhattisgarh and West Bengal had approximately 275 and 130 elephants, respectively.

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Chhattisgarh launches Lakshya Bhagirathi campaign to complete irrigation projects

Chhattisgarh Government has launched Lakshya Bhagirathi campaign to complete the irrigation projects that could not be completed.

Under the campaign, the state water resources department has identified 108 projects that could not be completed.

Key Facts

  • Most of the projects identified under campaign are minor and middle. For the last three decades, the projects were pending for required clearances.
  • Of the 108 projects, the water resources department has set a target to complete 88 projects in the financial year 2016-17.
  • The districts with irrigation potential has been below 10% had been given priority in the campaign.
  • These projects on completion would provide irrigation in additional 71322 hectares of area.

Comment

These irrigation projects will be milestone in enhancing growth in the agriculture sector in the state which falls under Rice-agro-climatic zone of the country. About 80% population of the state is rural and their main livelihood is agriculture and agriculture based small industries. Besides, the economy of the state is mainly based on agriculture and forestry. The agriculture sector contributes around 38% to the State’s Net Domestic Product. Of the total workforce of 8.3 million, 5.9 million (around 71%) are engaged in agriculture.

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