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Seabed Resident Event Profiler (SREP) robot developed by NIO

Scientists at CSIR-National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) have developed a robotic platform, Seabed Resident Event Profiler (SREP) that is capable of being stationed at any water depth from 0-200 metres to track the oceanic processes. The robot has been designed to regularly record the water column information at every 10 to 25 cm during every profile four times a day. The robot was tested during the recent voyage of RV Sindhu Sadhana, the latest state of the art research vessel of NIO.

Significance

The SREP robot has been designed particularly to carry out studies related to the monsoon, global climate and upwelling.

Upwelling is a phenomenon associated with the monsoon that sees the migration of deep sea oxygen minimum zone (OMZ) towards the coast. It also brings the nutrient-rich water to the surface and enhances the biological productivity of the region. Several sensors attached to SREP is capable of detecting the conditions associated with upwelling such as low temperature, low oxygen, high nutrients, and changes in density patterns etc. This enables SREP to effectively track upwelling during June to September. Upwelling is an important phenomenon for the ecosystem sustenance and fishery. Similarly, since south-west monsoon forms the backbone of the country’s economy, knowing the conditions for its onset forms one of the major goals of SREP.

The robot in its final configuration will be capable of sitting on the seabed for 100 days continuously to track the oceanic processes in the upcoming monsoon season.

CSIR-NIO

CSIR-NIO was established on 1 January 1966 with its headquarters at Dona Paula, Goa. It has regional centres at Kochi, Mumbai and Visakhapatnam. CSIR-NIO was established following the International Indian Ocean Expedition (IIOE) in the 1960s. CSIR-NIO primarily focuses on research over traditional branches of oceanography such as biological, chemical, geological/geophysical, and physical as well as over ocean engineering, marine instrumentation and marine archaeology.

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CSIR celebrates its platinum jubilee

India’s largest civilian research and development agency Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) celebrated its platinum jubilee.

The platinum jubilee celebrations were inaugurated by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi who is also the President of CSIR.

PM Modi also released seven new plant varieties developed at CSIR laboratories. He also witnessed exclusive CSIR Showcase on major technological contributions of CSIR.

Besides, prestigious Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prizes was presented to eminent scientists on the occasion along with other CSIR awards.

About Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)

  • CSIR is an autonomous body and the largest research and development (R&D) organisation in India. It became operational on 26 September 1942.
  • It operates as an autonomous body registered under the Registration of Societies Act of 1860. It is mainly funded by the Union Ministry of Science and Technology.
  • CSIR’s R&D activities include aerospace engineering, ocean sciences, structural engineering, metallurgy, life sciences, chemicals, mining, food, petroleum, leather, and environment.

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India’s CSIR ranked world’s 12th best Government Institute

The Council of Scientific Industrial Research (CSIR) was ranked world’s 12th best government institution out of 746 institutions.

These institutes were ranked by a prestigious Scimago Institutions Rankings Report based on various parameters including the research performance, innovation and social impact.

This is for the first time CSIR has improved its position among government institutes after it was ranked 14th spot for three consecutive years. CSIR is the only Indian government institute to have found a place among the top 100 global institutions.

Top 5 institutions: National Center for Scientific Research (France), Chinese Academy of Sciences (China), Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres (Germany), Max Planck Society (Germany) and Spanish National Research Council (Spain).

About Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)

  • CSIR is an autonomous body and the largest research and development (R&D) organisation in India. It was established in 1942.
  • It operates as an autonomous body registered under the Registration of Societies Act of 1860. It is mainly funded by the Union Ministry of Science and Technology.
  • CSIR’s R&D activities include aerospace engineering, ocean sciences, structural engineering, metallurgy, life sciences, chemicals, mining, food, petroleum, leather, and environment.

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