Demographic Dividend Current Affairs

12 August: International Youth Day

The International Youth Day is observed across the world on 12 August to draw attention to a given set of cultural and legal issues surrounding youth.

The theme for this year is ‘Youth Building Peace‘. It aims at celebrating young people’s contributions in preventing conflicts and bringing about transformations along with social justice, inclusion and sustainable peace. It also reaffirms the important role youth can play in deterring and resolving conflicts, and are key constituents in ensuring the success of both peacekeeping and peacebuilding efforts

Background

The International Youth Day (IYD) was instituted by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) by passing resolution 54/120 in December 1999. It was first observed on 12 August, 2000.

The day was instituted by UNHA on the recommendation made by the World Conference of Ministers Responsible for Youth held in Lisbon (Portugal) from 8 to 12 August 1998.

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India ranks 133rd in 2016 Global Youth Development Index

India has been ranked 133rd out of 183 countries in the 2016 Global Youth Development Index (YDI) compiled by the Commonwealth Secretariat.

The Global Youth Development Index report measures countries’ prospects for young people in employment, education, health, civic and political spheres.

Key Facts

  • Top 10 countries in 2016 YDI: Germany (1), Denmark (2), Australia (3), Switzerland (4), UK (5), Netherlands (6), Austria (7), Luxembourg (8), Portugal (9) and Japan (10)
  • India’s neighbours: Sri Lanka (31), Bhutan (69) and Nepal (77).
  • India related facts: India accounts for nearly 20% of the global youth population, with nearly 345 million young people between the ages of 15 and 30 living in the country.
  • India is currently experiencing the most significant “youth bulge” – with nearly 27% of its total population made up of young people.
  • India’s overall rank in 2016 YDU is relatively low, but it has registered an 11% improvement in scores over last five years (from 2010 and 2015).
  • The report highlights need for greater investment to reap so-called demographic dividend.
  • Youth development levels in India lag particularly in the domains of education, health and employment.

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