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Arab League declares Lebanese movement Hezbollah a terrorist group

The Arab League has declared Lebanese movement Hezbollah, a Shia political organisation a terrorist group. The move comes after the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) had adopted the same stance.

Decision in this regard was taken during the Arab League Foreign Ministers’ meeting at the organisation’s seat in Egypt’s capital Cairo. All-22 Arab League members supported the decision except Lebanon and Iraq expressed reservations.

Hezbollah (Party of God) is a Shia political organisation created by Iran’s Revolutionary Guards in the 1980s. It was established with an armed wing during Lebanon’s civil war from 1975 to 1990. Currently, it is fighting in Lebanon’s neighbouring Syria to support the Government of President Bashar al-Assad.

The United States, Canada and Australia already have listed Hezbollah as a terrorist group and the European Union (EU) has also blacklisted its military wing.

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Iran conducts several ballistic missiles tests

Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) has successfully test-fired several ballistic missiles from silos across the country.

These tests were conducted by IRGC to demonstrate the country’s deterrent power and its ability to confront any threat against the state and the sovereignty of the country.

With this Iran has breached United Nations Security Council (UNSC) resolutions that compel it to refrain from any work on ballistic missiles for 8 years.

Missile test ban

  • Currently under the 2010 UNSC resolution all ballistic missile tests have been banned in Iran until a nuclear deal between Iran and P5+1 nations is implemented.
  • UNSC Resolution 1929 had barred Iran from undertaking any work on ballistic missiles capable of carrying nuclear warheads. However it was terminated after a nuclear deal between Iran and P5+1 nations.
  • Under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPA) reached on July 2015 between Iran and P5+1 nations most sanctions on Iran were lifted in exchange for curbs on its nuclear program.
  • But the deal had refrained Iran from working on ballistic missiles designed to deliver nuclear weapons for up to eight years. It was mandated under UNSC Resolution 2231.

Ballistic Missile: It is a missile with a high, arching trajectory which is initially powered and guided but falls under gravity on to its target. Most of its trajectory is unpowered and governed by gravity and air resistance if it is in the atmosphere. In contrasts, cruise missiles are aerodynamically guided in powered flight.

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Iran tests Ghadr-110 ballistic missile, breaches UNSC resolution

Iran has successfully carried out test of medium range Ghadr-110 ballistic missile near the Chabahar, a port city in southeast of country along the Gulf of Oman.

The test was held in November 2015, but was disclosed by the western intelligence agencies in December 2015. With this Iran so far has  breached of two United Nations Security Council (UNSC) resolutions which compels it to refrain from any work on ballistic missiles for 8 years.

Key facts

  • Ghadr-110 ballistic missile is an improved and advance version of Shahab 3 missile which is similar to the precision guided missile that was tested by Iran in October 2015.
  • It has a range of 1,800 –2000 km and is capable of carrying a nuclear warhead as well as conventional warheads.

Missile test ban

  • Currently under the 2010 UNSC resolution all ballistic missile tests have been banned in Iran until a nuclear deal between Iran and P5+1 nations is implemented.
  • Under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPA) reached on July 2015 between Iran and P5+1 nations most sanctions on Iran were lifted in exchange for curbs on its nuclear program.
  • But the deal had refrained Iran from working on ballistic missiles designed to deliver nuclear weapons for up to eight years.

P5+1 nations: It is group of six world powers which had joined together in 2006 to reach diplomatic efforts with Iran with regard to its nuclear program. The term P5+1 refers to the UNSC five permanent members China, France, Russia, United Kingdom and United States plus Germany.

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