Disaster Management Current Affairs

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India offers tsunami warning system to SCS countries

India has offered tsunami early warning-system to South China Sea (SCS) countries like Vietnam, Malaysia and Philippines as part of soft-diplomacy.

India already provides earthquake and tsunami-warning alerts to several countries in the Indian Ocean neighbourhood, as do Japan and Australia.

Features of Tsunami early warning-system
  • Developed by scientists at the Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS).
  • It warns concerned authorities of any large earthquake in the Ocean and threat it poses.
  • Uses mathematical model to estimate if an earthquake in India’s oceanic neighbourhood can result in a tsunami.
  • It sends out a series of graded warnings to warn officials of danger based on data received form sensors lodged on the ocean floor.
  • These sensors can measure actual earthquake signals and based on it generates warnings.
Concerns

The South China Sea (SCS) is a controversial region on which China exerting territorial rights over its large part. Some of these territorial claims have been challenged by Vietnam, Malaysia and the Philippines. On this issue, India considers that all countries must abide by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), which governs how countries must respect ocean boundaries and international waters of countries. India and China are signatory to this convention.

tsunami-alert-system

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New Delhi Declaration, Asian Regional Plan adopted at AMCDRR 2016

The 2016 Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (AMCDRR) adopted ‘New Delhi Declaration’ and ‘Asian Regional Plan for Implementation of the Sendai Framework’.

It was the first AMCDRR to be held after the advent of the Sendai Framework for DRR (SFDRR) 2015-2030. The next AMCDRR will be held in Mongolia in 2018.

AMCDRR was established in 2005. It is a biennial conference jointly organized by different Asian countries and the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR).

World Tsunami Awareness Day

The Conference also commemorated the first World Tsunami Awareness Day (observed on 5 November) to spread awareness on tsunami. The observance of the day stressed on the importance of early warning systems and preparedness of communities in order to mitigate damage from the often devastating natural hazard.

New Delhi Declaration of AMCDRR

  • It is a political commitment of participating governments towards preventing and reducing disaster risk in the Asian region.
  • It also committed for strengthening the resilience of communities, nations and the Asian region for Disaster Risk Reduction.
  • It commits to a people-centred and whole-of-society approach towards DRR in order to accelerate the implementation of global frameworks.
  • It also emphasises the need to enhance the capacity of communities and ensure participation of all stakeholder groups towards achieving resilience.

Asian Regional Plan for Implementation of the Sendai Framework

  • It focuses on the how to reduce disaster risk at national and local levels.
  • It has longer term road map of cooperation and collaboration, spanning the 15-year horizon of the Sendai Framework.
  • Besides, it also has a two-year action plan to further disaster risk reduction with specific, actionable activities.

What is Sendai Framework for DRR?

The SFDRR was adopted by at the Third World Conference on DRR at Sendai in Japan in March, 2015. It identifies targets and priority action areas towards reducing disaster risk by ‘reducing the damage caused by natural hazards like floods, droughts, earthquakes and cyclones through an ethic of prevention.

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India, UNISDR sign Statement of Cooperation on Sendai Framework

India and United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction signed a Statement of Cooperation (SoC) of the Sendai Framework on Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR).

It was signed during the second day of the Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (AMCDRR) 2016 held in New Delhi.

Features of the SoC

  • The cooperation aims to ensure effective implementation and monitoring of the SFDRR through Training and capacity building for Asian countries.
  • It also seeks at promoting international and regional cooperation to reinforce political commitment.
  • It facilitates knowledge sharing and strengthens the capacity of UNISDR for monitoring and review of the Sendai Framework.
  • Underlines the guiding principles, objectives and areas of cooperation between India and UNISDR towards effective implementation and monitoring of SFDRR.
  • India will partner with UNISDR to work towards strengthening the capacity of Asian countries in ensuring risk resilient development.
  • It facilitates sharing of knowledge and experiences and collaborative efforts towards addressing critical regional challenges.

About Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR) 2015-30

  • SFDRR is an international Treaty that was approved by UN member states in March 2015 at the Third World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction held in Sendai, Japan.
  • It is a voluntary and non-binding treaty which recognizes that the UN member State has the primary role to reduce disaster risk. It has framework for 15-year i.e. 2015 to 2030.
  • It calls for sharing the responsibility with other stakeholders including local government, the private sector and other stakeholders.
  • It is successor of the Hyogo Framework for Action (2005–2015), which had been the most encompassing international accord on disaster risk reduction.
  • It sets of common standards, a comprehensive framework with achievable targets, and a legally-based instrument for disaster risk reduction.
  • It calls for adopting integrated and inclusive institutional measures for preventing vulnerability to disaster, increase preparedness for response and recovery and strengthen resilience.
  • Four specific priorities of Sendai Framework: (i) Understanding disaster risk (ii) Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk (iii) Investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience (iv) Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response and recovery, reconstruction and rehabilitation.

7 Global Targets of SFDRR are

sfdrr-targets

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