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India falls short in female literacy compared to its neighbours: Study

As per new study, India’s school education system is under-performing in terms of quality in female literacy when compared to its neighbours, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal.

These findings were released by International Commission on Financing Global Education Opportunity (or Education Commission). It shows that India’s education system is under-performing.

What the study says?

  • The proportion of women who completed five years of primary schooling in India and were literate was 48%, much less than 92% in Nepal, 74% in Pakistan and 54% in Bangladesh.india-falls-short-in-female-literacy-1
  • The female literacy rates in India went up by one to 15% after completing two years of schooling. Corresponding numbers for Pakistan and Nepal were three to 31% and 11 to 47% respectively.
  • Around the world, female literacy rates are improving. However, it is not clear if that is because of improvement in school quality.
  • India ranks low in global indices of female literacy as well. African countries Rwanda, Ethiopia and Tanzania all rank higher than India.
  • India was ranked 38th among the 51 developing countries for female literacy rates when countries are ranked by earliest grade at which at least of the women are literate.

How study was conducted?

  • For this research, researchers had devised a way to measure the quality of education around the world, with a specific focus on girls.
  • They had used data from nationally representative Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) which is one of the most comparable data sources on living standards in developing world.



Union Cabinet approves establishment of IIM in Jammu

The Union Cabinet has approved the establishment and operationalisation of Indian Institute of Management (IIM) at Jammu.

It will become operational from the Academic Year 2016-17 at the transit or temporary campus at Old Government College of Engineering & Technology.

Key Facts

  • For the initial four years from 2016 to 2020, the IIM will function in the temporary campus.
  • The student strength intake in Post Graduate Diploma Programme (PGDP) in Management for year 2016-17 will be 54. It will be progressively increased to 120 in 4th year.
  • Meanwhile, steps will also be taken up for setting up campus at Jammu and an out-campus in Kashmir region.
  • The Detailed Project Report under preparation for the permanent campuses and the process for setting up of the campuses would start after it.

The Union Cabinet also approved formation of an IIM Jammu Society under the Societies Registration Act, 1860. IIM Jammu will be run and managed by the Society with a Board of Governors (BOGs) to be constituted by the Central Government.  BOGs will administer the Institute and would be responsible for establishment and operationalisation of the Institute.


It was announced as part of Prime Minister’s development package for Jammu & Kashmir. The IMM coupled with opening of IIT at Jammu, NIT Srinagar and two new AIIMS institutions, one each in Jammu region and Kashmir region will help in meeting the requirement of high quality living and education in Jammu & Kashmir.


  • IIM are the country’s premier institutions imparting best quality education in management. At present, there are total nineteen IIMs.
  • Out of these, thirteen IIMs are located at Ahmedabad, Kolkata, Bengaluru, Indore, Lucknow, Raipur, Kozhikode, Rohtak, Ranchi, Shillong, Kashipur, Trichy, Udaipur.
  • New six IIMs were started in 2015 and they are located at Amritsar, Nagpur, Sirmaur, Sambalpur, Bodhgaya and Vishakhapatnam.


BRICS adopts New Delhi Declaration on Education

The BRICS nations have adopted the ‘New Delhi Declaration on Education’ to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote life-long learning opportunities for all.

The declaration was adopted at fourth Meeting of BRICS Education Ministers Conference held in New Delhi. It was attended by Ministers of Education and assigned representatives of BRICS nations viz. Brazil, China, India, Russia and South Africa.

Key Features

  • Reiterates commitment to Sustainable Development Goal (SDG4) which aims to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and the Education 2030 Framework for Action.
  • Initiate actions to formulate country-specific targets within the broader scope of the SDG4.
  • Integrate the SDG4 related targets with sub-national and the national level education sector development plans and programmes
  • Build capacity at the subnational and national levels for measuring and monitoring progress towards SDG4 and corresponding targets using the indicators adopted by the UNGA.
  • Share the best practices available in BRICS nations on collaboration in education, innovation and research through the BRICS Network University (BNU).
  • Organize annual conference of BNU in country of current BRICS Chair. Encourage participation of more universities in BRICS University League to collaborative research and facilitate student mobility.
  • Strengthening coordination within the BRICS TVET Working Group to develop national reports and share experience related to workforce demands and supply of skilled personnel.
  • Information and communication technologies (ICTs) will be used for improving access to education, teacher development, enhancing quality of teaching-learning process etc.
  • Developing a nodal institution within each country and also institutional network to share ICT policies, e-resources, including e-Libraries and Open Educational Resources.