Current Affairs – April 2016

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Union Government appoints Meeran Borwankar as DG of BPR&D

Union Government has appointed senior IPS officer Ms. Meeran C. Borwankar as the Director General (DG) in the Bureau of Police Research & Development (BPR&D).

Her name for this post was cleared by the Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) chaired by Prime Minster Narendra Modi. She will have tenure of till the date of her superannuation i.e. till 30th September 2017.

Ms. Borwankar is an Indian Police Service (IPS) officer of the 1981 batch of Maharashtra cadre.

About Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D)

  • BPR&D was established 1970 in furtherance of the objective of the Union Government for the modernisation of police forces.
  • It has evolved as a multifaceted, consultancy organisation. At present it has 4 divisions – Research, Development, Correctional Administration and Training.


G7 Hiroshima Declaration calls for world without nuclear weapons

The Group of 7 (G-7) countries’ foreign ministers have issued Hiroshima Declaration that calls for a world without nuclear weapons.

The foreign ministers G-7 countries’ signed this joint declaration after meeting in Japan’s Hiroshima. G7 countries include Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, UK and US.

The declaration came as ministers wrap up their final day of meetings focused on global hotspot issues including terrorism and other security threats as well as instability in the Middle East and the refugee crisis.

Key facts

  • Hiroshima Declaration reaffirms commitment of G-7 countries’ to seek a safer world for all and create the conditions for a world without nuclear weapons to promote international stability.
  • It calls for creating the conditions without nuclear weapons in a way that promotes international stability.
  • It has citied North Korea’s repeated provocations as a key challenge to achieve the goal of safer world for all.
  • It also mentioned that the task is more complex due deteriorating security environment in a number of regions such as Syria and Ukraine.

Earlier, all the foreign delegates of G-7 countries’ including US Secretary of State John Kerry made a landmark visit to the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park. The Park commemorates atomic bombing of the city by US on August 6, 1945.

G-7 Countries: It is a group of seven major advanced economies as reported by the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Collectively they represent more than 64% of the net global wealth; very high Human Development Index and it also represent 46% of the global GDP.


India, Maldives sign six agreements in different sectors

India and Maldives have signed six agreements in different sectors to boost bilateral relations between both maritime neighbouring countries.

These agreements were inked after comprehensive talks between visiting Maldives President Abdulla Yameen Abdul Gayoom and Prime Minister Narendra Modi in New Delhi.

The bilateral agreements were signed in the fields of avoidance of double taxation, conservation and restoration of ancient mosque, tourism and defence.

Agreements signed are

  • Agreement for Avoidance of Double Taxation of income derived from International Air Transport.
  • Agreement for the Exchange of Information with respect to Taxes: It envisages mutual assistance for exchange of information concerning taxes relevant to the administration and enforcement of the domestic.
  • It also includes exchange of information relevant to the assessment, determination and collection of such taxes, the recovery and enforcement of tax claims, or the investigation and prosecution of tax matters.
  • Agreement related to Orbit Frequency Coordination of South Asia Satellite (SAS) proposed at 48oE: It will be used for operation of SAS for the purpose of performing intersystem orbit-frequency coordination.
  • It will be also used for fulfilling ITU level regulatory requirements and obtaining international level protection/recognition for the SAS.
  • MoU for Cooperation in the area of conservation and restoration of ancient mosques in Maldives: Detailed proposals for such restoration projects will be developed by Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) and Department of Heritage, Maldives.
  • MoU on cooperation in the field of Tourism: It calls for expansion of bilateral cooperation and exchange of information and data related to tourism.
  • It also seeks to encourage cooperation between tourism stakeholders including Hotels and Tour Operators and investment in the Tourism and Hospitality sectors and establish exchange programmes for cooperation in Human Resource Development etc.
  • Action Plan for Defence Cooperation: It is an important component of the India-Maldives bilateral relationship and the shared strategic and security interests of the two countries in the IOR (Indian Ocean region).
  • It envisages an institutional mechanism to further bilateral defence cooperation at the level of the Defence Secretaries.