Floods Current Affairs

Jammu and Kashmir Government launches Jhelum-Tawi Flood Recovery Project

Jammu and Kashmir Government has launched Jhelum-Tawi flood recovery project to give push to the reconstruction and rehabilitation of infrastructure post-2014 floods in the state.

The project which is funded World Bank was formally launched Chief Minister Mehbooba Mufti in Srinagar.

Key Facts

  • The project was conceptualised and pursued by former Chief Minister Mufti Muhammad Sayeed in the aftermath of devastating floods of 2014 in the state.
  • It aims at reconstructing and recovering support in flood-affected areas in which public infrastructure and livelihoods were impacted severely.
  • It will focus on 20 flood-affected districts in state. As a follow up the Union Government and World Bank had signed a $250 million credit agreement for the project.
  • The loan was provided by International Development Association, the World Bank’s concessionary lending arm. It has maturity of 25 years, including a 5 year grace period.

Background

In September 2014, continuous unprecedented heavy rainfall had caused Jhelum, Chenab and Tawi rivers and their tributaries to flow above the danger mark. These overflowing rivers had flooded the catchment areas, particularly low lying ones for more than two weeks. It had severely affected livelihoods and had damaged the basic infrastructure in the state.

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Union Government declares Tamil Nadu flood as Calamity of Severe Nature

The Union Government has declared the recent Tamil Nadu flood as a Calamity of Severe Nature.

Central Government’s announcement came after Chief Minister J.Jayalalithaa had made a plea to Prime Minister Narendra Modi seeking that the floods be declared as National Disaster.

Under this declaration Parliamentarians are advised to pend up to 1 crore rupees under their MP Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) for reconstruction and rehabilitation works in the in flood-affected districts.

In this regard, MPs can send approval letters to the Union Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.

Background

The 2015 South Indian floods was a severe natural calamity caused by heavy rainfall on 15–16 November during the annual northeast monsoon seson.

The worst affected areas were are located on the Coromandel Coast region of the South Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and the union territory of Puducherry. Chennai, capital city of Tamil Nadu was particularly hard-hit.

The floods had killed nearly 600 people and displaced over 1.8 million people. The flooding was attributed to the strong El Niño phenomenon during the El Niño year of 2015

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