Ganga Rejuvenation Current Affairs

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Madhav Chitale Committee Recommends Measures for De-silting Ganga

The Union Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation had constituted a committee to prepare guidelines for desiltation of Ganga River last year. The four member committee is headed by Madhav Chitale (Expert Member of National Ganga River Basin Authority). The other members of the committee include Secretary, Union Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation, Secretary, Union Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change and Dr. Mukesh Sinha, Director, Central Water and Power Research Station, Pune. The committee was constituted as per the commitment made by Union Minister for Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation Uma Bharti while chairing the 6th meeting of the National Ganga River Basin Authority in New Delhi in July, 2016.

Salient Recommendations

The committee has recommended a series of measures that includes creation of sand registry for de-silting of the Ganga, study to guide de-silting activities and establishment of a technical institute to conduct the sediment budget.

The committee has recommended for the establishment of an institute for flood routing studies. 

The committee has observed that erosion, sediment transport and siltation are very complex phenomena and hence ‘one-size-fits-all’ approach cannot be applied to sediment management and control as the issues involved are regionally-specific. So, the committee suggests to evolve guidelines, better broad principles while planning and implementing de-silting works as the indiscriminate se-siltation works may cause more harm to ecology.

The committee recommends good agricultural practices, river bank anti-erosion works and reclamation of adjoining lakes along the river. The committee also favors de-silting of adjoining lakes to increase their storage capacities.

It has recommended dredging of shoals in the Farakka Barrage and usage of such sediments for re-grading the Farakka Feeder Canal. It has also suggested to modify  the bridges across the Ganga which are causing large afflux.

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Rural Sanitation Initiatives for Ganga Rejuvenation launched in Jharkhand

The Union Government has launched nine projects initiatives for rural sanitation initiatives for conservation of river Ganga in Jharkhand.

It was launched by Union Minister for Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation Uma Bharti under Namami Gange Programme in Sahibganj, Jharkhand.

Key facts

  • Under this programme, villages located on the entire 83 Km. stretch of Ganga River in Jharkhand will be covered to improve the health and quality of life.
  • It will be carried out under the overall guidance of the Ministry with the support from UN Development Programme (UNDP), community organizations and NGOs.
  • The programme initiatives will contribute to improved, sustainable liquid and solid waste management in the identified 78 villages along the Ganga River.
  • It will also reduce contamination in the Ganga River from rural sources including agriculture. UNDP will provide technical assistance.
  • Eight village-level crematoriums, 32 bathing ghats and 40 community toilets will be constructed under the Programme.
  • This programme will focus on three significant interventions (i) Promotion of safe, individual hygiene practices to ensure open defecation free status of all villages along the river.
  • (ii) Promotion of cost-effective, appropriate local, easy to manage technologies to ensure improved access and maintenance of infrastructure created for effective management of liquid and solid waste.
  • (iii) Strengthening of local institutions including village level sanitation committees, panchayats, and self-help groups (SHGs) to manage, maintain and , enhance facilities established for improved sanitation in the villages and also integrated and a holistic livelihood approach.

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India, Germany sign Implementation Agreement on Ganga Rejuvenation

India and Germany have signed an Implementation Agreement for Ganga Rejuvenation under the Namami Gange Programme in New Delhi.

It was signed between the Union Ministry of Water Resources and German International Cooperation (GIZ) of Germany.

Key facts

  • The objective of the agreement is to enable responsible stakeholders at state and national level to apply integrated river basin management approach for the rejuvenation of the Ganga River.
  • This approach will be based on Indo-German Knowledge (IGK) exchange and practical experience on strategic river basin management issues, public engagement and effective data management system.
  • The project under it will closely cooperate with other international and national initiatives including Indo-German bilateral projects like Sustainable Environment-friendly Industrial Production (SEIP) and Support to National Urban Sanitation Policy (SNUSP).
  • The project duration is of three years i.e. from 2016 to 2018 and the German contribution in the project will be to the tune of 22.5 crore rupees.
  • Initial actions of the project will focus on Uttarakhand State with scope of expansion to other upstream Ganga States.
  • The ultimate goal of this project is to adopt the successful river basin management strategies used for Rhine and Danube. It will replicate the same strategies wherever possible for attaining the pristine status of Ganga River.

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