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Next-gen sequencing approach to identify diseases from bone samples

A new technology that uses a next-gen sequencing approach, including hybridization capture technology, to analyze gene sequences within seconds to identify diseases accurately. Scientists used the technique to identify tuberculosis (TB) genes in a 19th century female skeleton found in a crypt in Leeds.

How this technology will help?

  • It will help in understanding how the disease has evolved over time.
  • It will help improve treatments and vaccines.

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Rs 4,000 crore plan to fight Japanese Encephalitis

The Union Cabinet of India sanctioned a Rs 4038-crore comprehensive multi-pronged plan for prevention and control of Japanese Encephalitis (JE) and Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) in the country.

States where this plan will be implemented:

  • Uttar Pradesh
  • West Bengal
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Bihar
  • Assam

The plan will be implemented within five years from 2012-13 to 2016-17.

What is Japanese Encephalitis?

  • Japanese Encephalitis is a viral disease spread by the mosquito carrying the virus.
  • The disease is mainly prevalent in Southeast Asia and the Far East.

What are the reservoirs and vectors of this virus?

  • Domestic pigs and wild birds (herons) are reservoirs of the virus.
  • Amongst the most important vectors of this disease are the mosquitoes Culex tritaeniorhynchus and Culex vishnui.

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