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CCEA approves extension of implementation of CCTNS Project by one year

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has approved t extension of the implementation phase of the Crime and Criminals Tracking Network and Systems (CCTNS) Project for another year beyond 31 March 2017.

The proposal in this regard was forwarded by the Union Ministry of Home Affairs. The extension will help in achieving the remaining objectives of the project comprehensively.

What is Crime and Criminals Tracking Network and Systems (CCTNS) Project?

CCTNS is a mission mode project under the National e-Governance Plan of Central Government that aims at creating a comprehensive and integrated system for enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of policing by adopting of principle of e-Governance. It seeks to create nationwide networking infrastructure for evolution of IT-enabled-state-of-the-art tracking system for investigation of crime and detection of criminals. It was originally approved in 2009.

Objective of CCTNS
  • The core objective of CCTNS is to connect all the police stations so that any of the police stations can contact any other police station.
  • The interlinking of police stations will facilitate collection, storage, retrieval, analysis and transfer the information among police stations, state headquarters and central police organizations.
  • Under it, approximately 14,000 police stations throughout the country will be automated along with 6000 higher offices in police hierarchy. Scientific and technical organizations will be also connected with it.
  • Moreover, Inter-operable Criminal Justice System (ICJS) also aims to integrate the CCTNS project with the e-courts and e-prisons databases and with the other pillars of the criminal justice system. It was added in 2015.
Key Features of the project
  • Deliver various web based police related services to citizens and computerise police processes.
  • Facilitate a pan-India search of crime and criminal records of individuals through a national database.
  • Generate crime and criminal reports at the state and central level to inform policy interventions.
Benefits
  • Facilitate transparency and speed in police service delivery, online registration of complaints and crime reporting.
  • Provide pan-India search on complete national crime and criminal database that is make database accessible to the Investigating Officers throughout the country.
  • Improve inter-state tracking of criminal movement by provide search facility to police in regional languages.
  • Provide reliable network connectivity to all Police Stations in the country.
  • National level crime analytics that will be published at, increased frequency to help policy and law makers in taking data backed timely actions and in making appropriate policy interventions.
  • It will expedite various kinds of police verification requests and investigation by integrating the project various e-Governance projects such as Aadhaar, National Population Register, Vaahan Project etc.
  • Enhance hi-tech investigation capability by incorporating advanced features such as biometric based identification, trend and pattern analytics etc.

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Union Cabinet approves simplification of Visa regime

The Union Cabinet has given its approval for liberalization, simplification and rationalization of the existing visa regime in India.

It has approved incremental changes in the visa policy as decided by the Union Ministry of Home Affairs with approval of Home Minister and in consultation with various stakeholders.

Key Facts

  • The approval will stimulate economic growth and ease travel for foreigners. It will facilitate entry of foreigners for tourism, business and medical purposes.
  • This is expected to increase earnings from export of services like tourism, travel on account of business, medical value travel.
  • It will also help to make ‘Make in India’, ‘Skill India’, ‘Digital India’ and other such flagship initiatives of the Government successful.

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Union Home Ministry notifies 10 coastal police stations

The Union Home Ministry has notified official gazette notification for establishing 10 coastal police stations located along India’s coastline in 9 States and 4 UTs.

These police stations have been empowered to register and investigate crimes committed within the country’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ). Their establishment will end the ambiguity over territorial jurisdiction in the wake of Italian marines case.

These 10 coastal police stations are: Yellow Gate PS (Maharashtra and Daman and Diu), Navibandar coastal PS (Gujarat), Mangalore coastal security PS (Karnataka), Harbour coastal security PS (Goa), B5 Harbour PS (Tamil Nadu and Puducherry), Fort Kochi coastal PS (Kerala and Lakshadweep), Paradeep marine PS (Odisha), Gilakaladindi PS in Machilipatnam (Andhra Pradesh), Central Crimes Station, Port Blair (Andaman and Nicobar Islands) and Nayachar coastal PS (West Bengal).

The extension of jurisdictional limits will allow local police to effectively deal with cases of terrorism and smuggling and further help guarding 7516-km long coastline of India.

Background

India has a 7,517-km coastline and has 12 major ports and 187 minor or intermediate ports. India’s territorial waters end at 12 nautical miles while the EEZ stretches to 200 nautical miles from the coast.

Legal Terminology

  • Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ): It includes the contiguous zone, stretching to 200 nautical miles from the coast.
  • Continental shelf: It is the seabed up to 350 nautical miles from the coastal baseline, beyond the EEZ were countries also have rights. But such areas are not part of their EEZ.
  • However, the legal definition of the continental shelf does not directly correspond to the geological meaning of the term. It also includes the continental rise and slope, and the entire seabed within the EEZ.

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