HRD Ministry Current Affairs

HRD Ministry: No Detention Policy to be removed from next Academic Year

The HRD Ministry has decided to remove the no-detention policy for students from the next academic year. Under the Right to Education Act, no child will be detained or held back in any class or expelled till the completion of elementary education covering classes 1 to 8.

Rationale

The government’s decision comes after it had received several complaints regarding the deterioration of the quality of basic education in the country. In addition, the States have been asking for the withdrawal of the no-detention policy from the Right to Education Act 2009. As per the critics, the policy has resulted in remarkable improvement in enrollments but has brought down the academic standards.

Background

No-Detention Policy 

Under this policy, the students up to class VIII are automatically promoted to the next class without being held back even if they do not get a passing grade. The policy was implemented as part of the Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) under the RTE Act to ensure all-round development of students. The concept of CCE which was imported from the West lays emphasis on evaluating a child through the year, and not just based on performance in one or two term exams.

The basic objective behind the no-detention policy was to prevent dropouts. The no detention policy in the RTE does not mean the abolition of assessment rather it calls for a replacement of the traditional system of evaluation with a continuous and comprehensive assessment that is not threatening. The policy also intends to free the students from the pressure and fear of examination and give them a stress-free academic environment and childhood.

Committees 

The TSR Subramanian committee on Education had observed that the no detention policy in schools should be applicable till Class V and exams be held from Class VI onwards. Prior to this, the Vasudev Devnani committee had also recommended for the revocation of No-Detention Policy.

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IISc ranked India’s top university in 2017 NIRF Survey

The Indian Institute of Sciences (IISc), Bengaluru was adjudged as the best Indian university in the 2017 National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) released by Union Human Resource Development Ministry.

This year it is second edition NIRF survey and was released as part of the India Rankings 2017 for the Educational Institutions.

What is NIRF Survey?

NIRF survey is first of its kind of indigenous ranking framework for higher education institutions in the country. It outlines a methodology to rank institutions across the country based on the parameters broadly covering Teaching, Learning and Resources, Research and Professional practices, Graduation Outcomes, Outreach and inclusivity and Perception. It covers six categories of institutions including universities, engineering, management, pharmacy, architecture and colleges.

Background

In the second edition of India Rankings, a total of 2995 institutions had participated. It included 232 Universities, 1024 Engineering Institutions, 546 Management Institutions, 318 Pharmacy Institutions and 637 General Degree Colleges, and others. Many of these had participated in multiple disciplines, adding to a total of 3319 participants across disciplines.

List of top 5 India Rankings 2017

Overall
  • Indian Institute of Science, Banglore.
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Madras.
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay.
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
  • Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi
Engineering
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Madras
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
  • Indian Institute of Tchnology, New Delhi
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
Management
  • Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad
  • Indian Institute of Management, Banglore
  • Indian Institute of Management, Calcutta
  • Indian Institute of Management, Lucknow
  • Indian Institute of Management, Kozhikode
University
  • Indian Institute of Science, Banglore
  • Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
  • Banaras Hindu University
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Banglore
  • Jadavpur University, Kolkata, West Bengal
Colleges
  • Miranda House, Delhi
  • Loyola College, District Chennai
  • Shri Ram College of Commerce, New Delhi
  • Bishop Heber College, District Tiruchirapalli
  • Atma Ram Sanatan Dharma College,New Delhi
Pharmacy
  • Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi
  • National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Mohali, S.A.S. Nagar (Mohali), Punjab
  • University Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chandigarh
  • Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai
  • National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Hyderabad

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