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Sigurdur Ingi Johannsson named as new PM of Iceland

Iceland ruling coalition Government has named Sigurdur Ingi Johannsson (53) as the new Prime Minister after igmundur Gunnlaugsson had stepped down .

Prior to this, he was Agriculture and Fisheries Minister (since 2013) and deputy leader of the Progressive Party of the Ireland.

Earlier from May 2013 to December 2014 he also had served as Minister for the Environment and Natural Resources.

Background

  • Sigurdur Ingi Johannsson’s appointment comes after Sigmundur Gunnlaugsson had stepped down as PM in the wake of the leaked Panama Papers.
  • The leaks of Panama Papers from Panama law firm Mossack Fonseca, a law firm specialises in setting up offshore companies showed Gunnlaugsson owned an offshore firm with his wife.
  • Gunnlaugsson was the first casualty after the explosive leaks of confidential documents from Panamanian law firm Mossack Fonseca surfaced.
  • The leak had disclosed up to 11 million documents revealing how the rich and powerful people across the world hide their wealth, potentially to evade taxes.

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India ranked 117 in World Happiness Report 2015

India was placed at 117th position in the recently released World Happiness Report 2015 among the 158 studied nations.

The report was published by the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN).

Key facts from report

  • Top five countries: Switzerland (1st), Iceland (2nd), Denmark (3rd), Norway (4th) and Canada (5th).
  • Bottom five countries: Rwanda (154th), Benin (155th), Syria (156th), Burundi (157th) and Togo (158th).
  • Other countries: United States (15th), United Kingdom (21th), Japan (46th) and China (84th).
  • India is ranked below countries like Pakistan (81st), Bangladesh (109th), Ukraine (111th) and Iraq (112th).

About World Happiness Report

  • The report aims at influencing government policy.
  • The report is prepared based upon study undertaken by Gallup World Poll.
  • The data is used to ranked nations based upon variables such as real GDP per capita, healthy life expectancy, corruption levels and social freedoms.

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Japanese women are world’s longest-lived females; Hong Kong men longest-lived males

The average life expectancy of Japanese women increased to 86.61 years in 2013, up from 86.41 the previous year, making them the world’s longest-lived females for the second consecutive year.  Japanese men’s lifespan rose above 80 for the first time in 2013.

A Japanese infant born in 2013 can be expected to live 80.21 years, up from 79.94 years in 2012. Women in Hong Kong held the second spot on the longevity list, whose life expectancy rose to 86.57 in 2013.  Japanese men positioned 4th fourth on the longevity list of the world’s 50 major countries and regions behind Hong Kong, Iceland and Switzerland. Hong Kong’s average male life expectancy was 80.87.  However, Japan’s ageing population is a serious issue for policymakers who have to find solutions to ensure that the declining pool of workers can pay for the increasing number of pensioners.

Japan’s population contracted for the third consecutive year, with the aged comprising around 1/4th of the total population for the first time. The proportion of people aged 65 or over is estimated to reach nearly 40% of the population in 2060.

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