India-ADB Current Affairs

India, ADB ink $375 million loan pact for East Coast Economic Corridor

India and Asian Development Bank (ADB) has signed $375 million pact for loans and grants to develop 800 km Visakhapatnam-Chennai Industrial Corridor.

It is the first phase of a planned 2,500-km East Coast Economic Corridor. Earlier in September 2016, ADB had approved $631 million in loans and grants for the industrial corridor.

Key Facts
  • The loans comprises $500 million multitranche facility to build key infrastructure in the four main centres along the corridor — Visakhapatnam, Kakinada, Amaravati, and Srikalahasti (Yerpedu) in Andhra Pradesh.
  • The first tranche of $245 million will finance subprojects to develop high-quality internal infrastructure in 2 of the 4 nodes of the corridor — Visakhapatnam and Yerpedu—Srikalahasti.
  • It also has $125 million policy-based loan that will be used for capacity development of institutions engaged in corridor management.
  • It will also provide support to enhance ease of doing business and for supporting industrial and sector policies to stimulate industrial development. 

About East Coast Economic Corridor (ECEC)

  • ECEC is India’s first coastal economic corridor along eastern coast. It stretches about 2,500 kms from Kolkata (West Bengal) in the north to Kanyakumari (Tamil Nadu) in the south.
  • It will connect long eastern coastline and strategically located ports with the multiple international gateways to connect India with global value chains (GVCs) in East and Southeast Asia.
  • It supports Union Government’s flagship Make in India campaign, which aims to boost manufacturing by attracting foreign investment and facilitating the establishment of manufacturing hubs.
  • ECEC also aligns with port-led industrialisation under Sagarmala initiative and Act East Policy by linking domestic companies with vibrant global production networks of East and Southeast Asia.

ADB: It is Manila based regional development bank. It was established in 1966 and is owned by 67 members of which 48 are from the Asian region.

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India, ADB sign $100 Million Loan pact on Cauvery basin development

India and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) have signed a 100 million dollars loan agreement for irrigation projects, drainage system and water management in Vennar sub-basin of Cauvery delta in Tamil Nadu.

The project seeks to improve water management and strengthen embankments of 6 major irrigation water channels in Vennar system.

Cauvery river basin is a critical source of water for agriculture in Tamil Nadu and neighbouring states. The vast majority of the delta’s population is engaged in farming and fishing.

Earlier due to lack of investment the left irrigation system was unable to meet user demand and increasingly vulnerable to floods and droughts.

Key Facts

  • The project aims to improve existing infrastructure and also provide flood protection and renewed access to irrigation.
  • The loan funds will support Tamil Nadu’s water resources professionals to manage resources better, and with greater involvement of the stakeholders they service.
  • Under it, flood forecasting and warning systems will be also installed. A flood risks map will be also drawn to help communities respond more effectively to extreme events.
  • The loan will be provided from ADB’s ordinary capital resources which has a 25-year term. The project is expected to be completed by December 2020.

About Asian Development Bank (ADB)

ADB is multilateral lending agency based in Manila, Philippines. It is dedicated to reduce poverty in Asia and the Pacific region through inclusive economic growth, environmentally sustainable growth, and regional integration. It is collectively owned by 67 members – 48 from the region including India.

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