India-Afghanistan Current Affairs

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India-Afghanistan Air freight Corridor to Open Up Soon

India and Afghanistan are set to operationalize their first air-freight corridor in the coming days. The first flight will be operated by Ariana Afghan Airlines, which is the Afghanistan’s national carrier. The flight which will initially operate once or twice in a month will carry commodities to and from Delhi. Depending upon the supply needs, the frequency of the flight will be increased.

India-Afghanistan discussed the idea of commencing the air-freight corridor during the visit of Afghan President Ashraf Ghani’s visit last year.

The key elements of India’s Afghanistan policy include – friendly relations with afghan factions, tacit support for anti-Taliban forces, more focus on economic engagement than military engagement, humanitarian and development assistance etc.

Significance

This development has assumed significance at the backdrop of Pakistan’s denial to use its land for trade between India and Afghanistan. The air freight corridor will be used by the private sector in Afghanistan to increase its exports to the vast Indian market by air with minimum costs. It will also enable the traders to circumvent the obstacles posed by Pakistan in the land route.

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Union Cabinet approves MoU between India and Afghanistan on Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space

The Union Cabinet has approved Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Afghanistan on cooperation in the peaceful uses of outer space.

The MoU envisages cooperation between both countries for application of space technologies in various sectors. It will cover agriculture, education, weather forecasting, rural health, telecommunications, urban development, sanitation, resource mapping navigation, remote sensing and any other areas mutually agreed upon. 

Benefits of the MoU
  • Develop space sector in Afghanistan and making it self-reliant in space sector
  • Burnish India’s credentials as a nation with advanced space technology which can assist other countries.
  • Deepen bilateral ties and mutual understanding and trust between both countries. Provide India foothold in Afghanistan’s strategic space and communication sector.
  • Boost high-tech jobs in both countries in both core Science & Technology and R&D fields, and also the field of implementation.

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India, Afghanistan sign agreements to boost bilateral cooperation

India and Afghanistan have signed an Extradition Treaty to facilitate exchange of wanted terrorists and criminals.

Moreover, both countries also signed agreements on peaceful uses of outer space technology and also on cooperation on commercial and civil matters.

These agreements were signed during Afghanistan President Ashraf Ghani’s official state visit to India. He was on a visit to India from 14 to 15 September 2016.

Key Facts

  • Besides, during the meeting of President Ghani and Prime Minister Narendra Modi they sought faster implementation of the trilateral agreement among Iran, Afghanistan and India.
  • This trilateral agreement was signed between three countries in May 2016 with an aim to create a network of regional connectivity to landlocked Afghanistan through Chahbahar port.
  • Besides, India also extended a one-billion dollar to Afghanistan for capacity and capability building in areas like education, health, empowerment of women, skill development, energy and others.

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