India Bilateral Current Affairs

India and Bangladesh have decided to construct bridge along Mizoram Border

India and Bangladesh have decided to construct a bridge over Mizoram’s Khawthlangtuipui river (also known as Karnaphuli river) to facilitate trade and to improve communication between the two countries. The decision was taken after officials from both the side met at Tlabung town in Mamit district of Mizoram. The Mamit district is situated adjacent to Khagrachari district of Southeast Bangladesh.

The proposed bridge is expected to be constructed as closer as possible to the nearest custom station located in the Bangladesh side.

Significance

The proposed bridge is expected to serve as an important link between India and Bangladesh. It would improve road connectivity between the two regions. The proposed bridge is also expected to strengthen the ties between the people of the two countries.

India-Bangladesh Border

Mizoram has a 318 km unfenced border with Bangladesh. In March 2017, the Union Government had announced that half of the 4,096-km long border India shares with Bangladesh has been fenced. The remaining half will be fenced by 2019 deadline. India and Bangladesh share a 4,096 km land boundary, largest among the international boundaries that India shares with its neighbours. The border runs along five states, West Bengal (2,216.7 km), Assam (263 km), Meghalaya (443 km), Tripura (856 km) and Mizoram (318 km).

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Vietnam renews Indian Oil Deal

Vietnam has granted ONGC Videsh a two-year extension to explore oil block 128 in the South China Sea. The permission was first granted in the year 2006 which is due to expire in mid-June.

The part of the oil block 128 is in the U-shaped ‘nine-dash line,’ the area which is claimed by China. The area is also a route for more than $5 trillion in trade every year and is also claimed by the Philippines, Brunei, Malaysia and Taiwan.

In the areas south of block 128, the drilling works have already commenced. The block is owned jointly by Vietnam’s state oil firm, Spain’s Repsol and Mubadala Development Co of the United Arab Emirates.

Background

Despite sharing common communist ideology and growing trade, China and Vietnam have competing maritime claims and centuries-old mistrust. China has been opposing Vietnam’s drilling activities in the South China Sea and has opposed to its unilateral, illegal oil and gas activities in the South China Sea in which it has territorial claims.

China is also concerned at Vietnam’s evolving security relationships with the United States and Japan. Both United States and Japan has been offering moral support to Vietnam and helping Vietnam’s coastguard.

South China Sea Dispute

China has been aggressively claiming the entire South China Sea as its own. The other countries that claim the various territories in the South China Sea are Taiwan, Indonesia, Vietnam, Philippines, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei. The South China Sea is part of Pacific Ocean spreading an area of some 35 lakh square km with eight littoral countries/territories viz. China, Taiwan, Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei, Singapore and Vietnam. It is strategically located in the international shipping route that sees the passage of world’s half of the merchant ships.

India-Vietnam

Vietnam has welcomed India to play a bigger role in Southeast Asia and specifically, the South China Sea. Vietnam is following the strategy of seeking many partnerships with big powers while avoiding formal military alliances.

India has provided naval patrol boats, satellite cover to monitor Vietnam’s waters and training for its submarines and fighter pilots. India is providing more military support than it is currently offering to any other South-east Asian country. Further, under the $500 million defence credit line announced by India last year, India will transfer naval vessels and missiles to Vietnam.

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