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India, Kyrgyzstan ink 4 pacts during Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit

India and Kyrgyzstan have signed 4 pacts/ agreements to enhance bilateral cooperation between the two nations.

These agreements were inked during the two-day visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi to Kyrgystan as part of his official visit to 5 Central Asian countries and Russia.

Signed agreements are

  • Agreement on Defence Cooperation: It was signed to deepen cooperation between both countries in matters relating to security, defence, military education and training.
  • It also covers provisions to conduct of joint military exercises, exchange of military instructors, exchange of experience and information and observers etc.
  • MoU and Cooperation in the field of Elections: It was signed to deepen cooperation in matters relating to legislation on elections and referendums. It also covered rights of elections process stakeholders, modern systems and technologies as well as other issues of election administration.
  • MoU on cooperation in the sphere of Standards: Seeks to strengthen and enhance technical cooperation in the fields of conformity assessment, standardization and sharing of expertise on mutual trade.
  • It also aims at exchanging necessary information and expertise in this regard between the two parties. Signatory parties are Ministry of Economy of Kyrgyzstan and Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS).
  • Agreement on Cooperation in Culture: To deepen cultural cooperation between both countries in areas such as preservation of cultural heritage, theatre, youth festivals and organisation of folk arts.
  • It also seeks to boost cooperation in of publishing and translation of literature, culture, sports and physical exchange of archival materials, geography, history etc.

Besides signing these agreements, both nations also released Indo- Kyrgyz Joint Statements to increase regional cooperation and connectivity in the various fields including Political cooperation, regional and global level cooperation, Defence cooperation, Economic cooperation, Scientific and Technical Cooperation, Cultural and humanitarian cooperation.

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India, Turkmenistan ink 7 pacts to enhance regional cooperation & connectivity

India and Turkmenistan have signed 7 pacts/ agreements to enhance bilateral cooperation between the two nations.

These agreements were inked during the two-day visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi to Turkmenistan as part of his official visit to 5 Central Asian countries and Russia.

The signed agreements are

  • MoU on Supply of Chemical Products: It was signed between the India’s ‘Rashtriya Chemicals and Fertilizers Limited’ and the Turkmenistan’s Turkmenhimiya’.
  • MoU Foreign Service Institutes of both nations: It was signed between Foreign Service Institute of the Ministry of External Affairs of India and Institute of International Relations of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan.
  • Agreement on Cooperation in the field of Sports: It was signed between Union Ministry of Youth Affairs And Sports of India and State Committee for Sport of Turkmenistan.
  • Programme of Cooperation In Science And Technology: It was signed between both governments for the period of two years viz. 2015-2017.
  • MoU on Cooperation in Yoga and Traditional Medicine: It was signed between respective entities of both governments.
  • MoU on Cooperation in the Field Of Tourism: It was signed between respective entities of both governments.
  • Agreement in the field of Defence: It was signed between respective entities of both governments.

Besides signing these agreements, Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his counterpart President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov held extensive discussions on bilateral relations and issues of mutual interest at regional and international level.

Both leaders also released an Indo-Turkmen Joint Statements to increase regional cooperation and connectivity.

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India accorded full membership of SCO at Ufa summit 2015

India has been accorded full membership of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) along with Pakistan at its Ufa summit held in Russia.

Technically, India and Pakistan will become the members of SCO by 2016 after completion of certain procedures.

This membership will help India to work with the 6 members grouping to enhance connectivity, combat terror and create an environment for boosting trade by easing barriers.

About Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)

  • SCO is a Eurasian economic, political and military organisation.
  • Headquarters: Beijing, China
  • Established: 2001 in Shanghai by the leaders 6 countries viz. China, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan.
  • It is an outcome of The Shanghai Five grouping established in 1996 by Kazakhstan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan.
  • SCO’s first enlargement was in 2001 with addition of Uzbekistan and second enlargement was in July 2015 with addition of 2 new members India and Pakistan.
  • Presently it as four observers Afghanistan, Belarus, Iran and
  • Since 2005, India was having an Observer status of SCO and had applied for full membership in 2014.

Analysis

SCO membership to India will have significant benefits in

  • Economic view: Open up trade, energy sector and strategic transit routes for India between Russia, Central Asia and China.
  • As Iran has observer status in the SCO, it will serve as a platform for India to boost trade through the Iranian ports of Bandar Abbas and Chabahar.
  • These ports are considered as India’s gateway to Central Asia through International North-South Transport Corridor (INSTC).
  • Security grouping: SCO will provide platform for the security grouping for India and Pakistan especially on issue to counter terrorism.
  • Provide a valuable interface to engage with security concern of Afghanistan especially its members including India due to pullout international troops.
  • SCO may also serve as guarantor for projects such as the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) and Iran-Pakistan-India (IPI) pipelines, which are held by India due to security concerns.
  • Balance in International Politics: In this politically polarised world, SCO will play an important role in counter-balancing India’s perceived tilt on security issues towards US and its allies. Thus, it can help to maintain full balance of India’s relations with the great powers globally.

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