India-International Relations Current Affairs

India and Netherlands sign 3 Agreements

India and the Netherlands have signed three MOUs after the meeting between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Dutch counterpart Mark Rutte in Hague the Netherlands. Prime Minister’s visit to the Netherlands has come at a time when both the countries are celebrating 70 years of diplomatic relations.

Salient Highlights

The Netherlands has backed India’s entry into Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) and other multilateral export control regimes. The Netherlands also supported India’s bid for a permanent UN Security Council seat. For its part, India has thanked the Netherlands for its role in India’s accession to the Missile Technology Control Regime in June 2016. Also, Prime Minister Modi invited the Netherlands to join the International Solar Alliance. In addition, both the countries have reaffirmed their commitment towards Paris climate deal.

Agreements

In total three agreements were signed:

  • MOU on Cultural Cooperation,
  • MOU on Water Cooperation
  • Agreement on Amending Social Security Arrangement

India-Netherlands

After Independence, Indo-Dutch relations have been multifaceted. Since, the 1980s, the Netherlands have identified India as an important economic partner. The relationship got further intensified after India’s economic liberalisation in the 1990s.

Both the countries have the potential to further collaborate in areas like water management; infrastructure, logistics, ports, highways; inland water transportation; ICT; biotech; agriculture, agro-processing, floriculture; creative design industry etc. Major Indian exports to the Netherlands includes textiles & garments; electric machinery & equipment; agricultural products and processed foods including marine products; leather goods etc. The main imports from Netherlands include machinery/equipment; medical/optical instruments; chemicals; plastics, and metal products.

Netherlands is host to one of the largest population of people of Indian origin in Europe. It is home to about 220,000 Indian and Surinami Hindustani Diaspora.

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Key Takeaways from Prime Minister Modi’s US Visit

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has become the first foreign leader to have a White House dinner after the US President Donald Trump assumed power.

Key Takeaways

Pakistan 

India and the US have asked Pakistan to make sure that its soil is not used for cross-border terror strikes. Both the countries have asked Pakistan to expeditiously bring the perpetrators of the Mumbai and Pathankot attackers to justice.

Drones 

The US has cleared the sale of Guadian Unmanned Aerial Systems to India. The drones would help India to keep a closer watch over the strategically important Indian Ocean.

Hizbul chief  

The US has designated Hizbul Mujahideen Chief Syed Salahuddin as a global terrorist. The 71-year-old Salahuddin also leads the United Jihad Council, which is an umbrella organisation of militant groups operating in Kashmir.

Trade Barriers 

Donald Trump has asked India to maintain a fair and reciprocal trade relationship and has called for the removal of barriers for the export of US goods into Indian markets.

GST 

Donald Trump has given a thumbs up to India’s GST that will come into effect on July 1.

Naval Exercise 

Donald Trump has said that India and the US would join Japan to conduct the largest maritime war game ever conducted in the Indian Ocean.

Afghanistan  

India and the US have expressed concern over the rising instability in Afghanistan and vowed to strengthen cooperation for establishing peace in the war-torn country.

North Korea  

Trump and Modi have labelled the missile programs of North Korea as a grave threat to global peace.

Areas of Cooperation 

Prime Minister Modi has named trade, commerce and investment as key areas of mutual co-operation. In addition, he also said that India is actively looking at technology, innovation and knowledge economy

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