The Union Home Ministry has notified official gazette notification for establishing 10 coastal police stations located along India’s coastline in 9 States and 4 UTs.
These police stations have been empowered to register and investigate crimes committed within the country’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ). Their establishment will end the ambiguity over territorial jurisdiction in the wake of Italian marines case.
These 10 coastal police stations are: Yellow Gate PS (Maharashtra and Daman and Diu), Navibandar coastal PS (Gujarat), Mangalore coastal security PS (Karnataka), Harbour coastal security PS (Goa), B5 Harbour PS (Tamil Nadu and Puducherry), Fort Kochi coastal PS (Kerala and Lakshadweep), Paradeep marine PS (Odisha), Gilakaladindi PS in Machilipatnam (Andhra Pradesh), Central Crimes Station, Port Blair (Andaman and Nicobar Islands) and Nayachar coastal PS (West Bengal).
The extension of jurisdictional limits will allow local police to effectively deal with cases of terrorism and smuggling and further help guarding 7516-km long coastline of India.
India has a 7,517-km coastline and has 12 major ports and 187 minor or intermediate ports. India’s territorial waters end at 12 nautical miles while the EEZ stretches to 200 nautical miles from the coast.
- Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ): It includes the contiguous zone, stretching to 200 nautical miles from the coast.
- Continental shelf: It is the seabed up to 350 nautical miles from the coastal baseline, beyond the EEZ were countries also have rights. But such areas are not part of their EEZ.
- However, the legal definition of the continental shelf does not directly correspond to the geological meaning of the term. It also includes the continental rise and slope, and the entire seabed within the EEZ.