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Fact Box: Global Innovation Index 2017

In the Global Innovation Index 2017, co-authored by Cornell University, INSEAD and World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO), India has moved up 6 places to reach 60th place among 130 countries emerging as the top-ranked economy in Central and South Asia.

This is the 10th edition of the Global Innovation Index 2017 (GII).

Salient Highlights

Top 10 most Innovative countries: Switzerland, Sweden, the Netherlands, the US, the UK, Denmark, Singapore, Finland, Germany and Ireland. Switzerland leads the rankings for the 7th consecutive year.

The index is dominated by high-income economies which took 24 of the top 25 spots except for China which is ranked at 22nd spot.

Among India’s neighbours, Sri Lanka has managed to bag 90th spot and Nepal stood at 109th place. Pakistan has been ranked as 113th followed by Bangladesh at 114.

BRICS countries: Brazil (69), Russia (45), China (22), South Africa (57).

India  

India has made improvements in the rankings after five continuous years of decline in the ranking. The report has observed that India’s rise in innovation has benefitted its neighbouring countries.

The index has highlighted the continuous improvement of India in terms of investment, tertiary education, quality of its publications and universities, ICT service exports etc.

Task Force on Innovation

To assess India’s position on the innovation front, the Ministry of Commerce and Industries had set up a task force on innovation. The task force comprising of government officials and experts from private organisations & academia, has recently come up with its report that detailed specific measures to improve India’s ranking in GII.

GII

GII surveys are conducted every year which analyses 130 economies and aims to capture the multi-dimensional facets of innovation. The index makes use of a dozen parameters ranging from patent filings to education spending and offers the decision makers a high-level look at the innovative activity which are drivers of economic and social growth. GII, over the last few years has established itself as a leading reference on innovation.

World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) is the global body for promotion and protection of intellectual property rights (IPR), headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.

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Fact Box: Tele-Law Initiative

The Ministry of Law and Justice has launched the ‘Tele-Law’ initiative in collaboration with the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology to provide legal aid services to the marginalized communities and citizens living in rural areas through the Common Service Centres (CSC) at the panchayat level, spread across the country.

Salient Highlights

‘Tele Law initiative would help people to seek legal advice from lawyers with the help of video conferencing facility available at the Common Service Centres (CSC). Apart from the lawyers, law school clinics, District Legal Service Authorities, voluntary service providers and Non-Government Organisations working on legal aid and empowerment can also be connected through the CSCs.

In the initial phase, the initiative will be tested as a pilot project across 500 Common Service Centres (CSC) in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. In this phase, challenges to the initiative would be identified and necessary corrections would be made and would eventually be rolled out across the country in a phased manner.

A new portal called ‘Tele Law’ will be made available across the CSC network to connect the citizens to legal service providers with the help of technology-enabled platforms. The initiative would strengthen access to justice for the marginalized communities.

The government will also put in place a robust monitoring and evaluation system to assess the quality of the legal advice delivered to the people.

Under the initiative, a Para Legal Volunteer (PLV), would be employed in each CSC. The volunteer would serve as the first point of contact for the marginalized communities in the rural areas who will help them understand the legal issues, explain the advice given by lawyers and assist in further action as per the advice of the lawyer.

Around 1000 women Para Legal Volunteers will also be trained under this initiative to provide legal aid services through the CSCs. This is expected to promote women entrepreneurship and empowerment.

Further, the National Legal Service Authority (NALSA) will also provide a panel of lawyers who will provide advice from the state capitals to the applicants in the CSCs through video conferencing.

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Fact Box: QS World Universities Ranking 2018

The Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) World University Rankings 2018 has been released. In the list, three Indian universities have featured among the top 200 universities.

Salient Highlights

The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)-Bombay, IIT-Delhi and Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru, have featured in the top 200 global universities. For the first, three Indian institutions have found a place in the list of top 200 universities in the QS Rankings.

IISc Bangalore has been placed at 190 from the152nd place secured last year. Similarly, IIT Delhi have climbed from 185 to 172 and IIT Bombay has jumped from 219 to 179 this year.

IISc has been placed at 6th position among 959 universities for ‘Citations per Faculty’ in the 2018 rankings. It is measured by calculating how many times research papers from a university is cited in the research work of others and is then calibrated against its faculty strength.

For the first time, the Delhi University (DU) has entered the top 500 group.

Other Indian Universities that find a place in the list are: Jadavpur University (ranked in the 601-650 band), University of Hyderabad (601-650), Anna University (651-700), Manipal University (701-750), Aligarh Muslim University (800-1000), Birla Institute of Technology and Science (800-1000)

The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) has been ranked as the world’s best university for the sixth consecutive year. The second and third place in the overall rankings has been occupied by Stanford University and Harvard University respectively.

This year’s ranking surveyed 26,000 universities across the globe. In total, 20 Indian institutions have been included in the ranking table this year. The list has a total of 959 top universities.

Background

In the recently released NIRF Rankings for Indian educational institutes, IISc was ranked as the country’s best university. IIT Madras was ranked as the best institute in the category of engineering institutes.

The Quacquarelli Symonds is a British agency that annually ranks higher educational institutes across the world based on six performance parameters such as Research, Teaching, Employability and Internationalisation, in addition to a 40 point weightage to the institute`s stature.

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