International Border Current Affairs

India-Pakistan border to be sealed completely by 2018

Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh announced that India-Pakistan border will be completely sealed by December 2018.

Announcement in this regard was made after Union Home Minister held meeting of representatives of 4 states sharing border with Pakistan in Jaisalmer, Rajasthan.

Key Facts

  • Central government has formulated time-bound action plan to completely seal the entire stretch of 3,323-km-long border between the two countries.
  • The process of sealing border will be monitored at Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) level, Border Security Force (BSF) level and chief secretary of states level.
  • Besides, a new concept of Border Security Grid (BSG) has been envisaged, in which all the stake holders related to border security are involved. Based on their suggestions, a final shape to BSG will be given.

Background

  • India-Pakistan share 3,323-km-long border which is termed as International Border. Border between both countries was created based upon the Radcliffe line in 1947.
  • 4 states share this international border with Pakistan. Of this 1,225 km falls in Jammu and Kashmir (including Line of Control), 1,037 km in Rajasthan, 553 km in Punjab and 508 km in Gujarat.
  • The Border Security Force (BSF) controls security of the 2,308 km-long border with Pakistan from Gujarat to Jammu and Kashmir.
  • In Jammu, 192 km of International Border, referred to as a working boundary by Pakistan, is manned by the BSF, while the remaining 8 km is secured by the Indian Army.
  • The 740 km Line of Control (LoC), running along Kashmir and separating Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK) is entirely secured by the Army.

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Union Government decides to develop villages within 10 km of IB on priority

Union Government has decided to develop all villages located within 10 kilometres vicinity of the international border on a priority basis.

It was decided by the Union Home Ministry in consultation with Ministries of Rural Development, Sports, Health and Human Resources Development.

These villages will be developed under the Border Area Development Programme (BADP) with special emphasis on promotion of sports activities and rural tourism.

Key facts

  • The funds under BADP for this initiative will be provided to the states as a 100 per cent non-lapsable special central assistance. It will be supplemented from the budgetary allocation of Rs. 990 crore for the financial year 2015-16.
  • The development of villages under BADP will include schemes such as Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Promotion of sports activities in border areas.
  • Skill Development Programmes along with promotion of rural tourism (i.e. border tourism) and protection of heritage sites.
  • It will also cover construction of helipads in remote and inaccessible hilly areas, which do not have road connectivity, skill development training to farmers for use of modern or scientific technique in farming, organic farming etc.

Border Area Development Programme (BADP)

  • It has been implemented in 367 border blocks of 104 border districts in 17 states.
  • Objective: To meet special developmental needs and well-being of the people living in remote and inaccessible areas situated near the IB.
  • It also seeks to saturate the border areas with the entire essential infrastructure through convergence of Union, state, BADP, local schemes and participatory approach.

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