International Labour Organisation Current Affairs

12 June: World Day Against Child Labour

The World Day Against Child Labour is being observed annually across world on 12 June to bring awareness against child labour.

The theme of this year is No to Child Labour, Yes to Quality Education. This year’s World Day Against Child Labour call for:

  • For all children free, compulsory and quality education till the minimum age for admission to employment and action to reach those presently in child labour.
  • New efforts to ensure consistent and effectiveness of national policies on child labour and education.
  • Ensure policies that provide access to quality education and investment in the teaching profession.

Background

World Day Against Child Labour is an initiative of the International Labour Organization (ILO). It was launched in 2002 to focus attention on the global extent of child labour and to take action and efforts needed to eliminate it.

Since then every year on 12 June, observance of this governments, workers organizations, employers, civil society as well as millions of people from around the world come together to highlight the plight of child labourers and what can be done to help them.

According to recent global estimates, around 12 crore children between the age of 5 and 14 are involved in child labour. Main reasons of child labour are poverty, lack of decent work for adults and social protection, and failure to ensure schooling of children.

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Asia pacific surpasses rest in wage growth: ILO report

According to an International Labour Organisation (ILO) report the wage growth in the Asia Pacific region has significantly outperformed the rest of the world as developing countries continue to expand at a rapid rate.

Key facts of the report

  • The average annual incomes in Asia rose 6%, compared to global average growth of 2% in 2013.
  • China was a major contributor to the significant wage growth in average annual incomes in Asia with a rise of 9%. This has resulted to a salary increase in East Asia to 7.1% compared to 5.3% in Southeast Asia and 2.4% in South Asia.
  • Top 3 in average salary scale is $3,694 per month in Singapore, $3,320 in Japan and $613 in China.
  • At the bottom end of the scale, were workers who receive on an average of $73 in Nepal, $119 in Pakistan, and $121 in Cambodia.
  • Wage growth has slowed to almost zero for the developed economies as a group in the last two years.
  • Slow wage growth of developed economies is leading to sluggish household demand in most of these economies and the increasing risk of deflation in the Eurozone.

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