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India becomes Associate Member of European Molecular Biology Organisation

India officially became the Associate Member State of European Molecular Biology Organisation (EMBO).

In this regard, Union Ministry of Science and Technology has signed an agreement to acquire the status of Associate Member of EMBO.

India is second country outside the European region to be an Associate Member State of EMBO. First one being Singapore which had signed such agreement with European Molecular Biology Conference (EMBC) in 2015.

Benefits

  • This move will strengthen interaction and collaborative research between India and Europe in the field of molecular biology.
  • Indian Researchers will now be eligible to participate in all EMBO programmes and activities taking place across the world.
  • Indian scientists now can apply for its programmes, such as long-term fellowships for postdoctoral researchers, courses, short-term fellowships and workshops etc.

About European Molecular Biology Organisation (EMBO)

  • EMBO is a professional organization of life scientists in Europe. Presently, it has more than 1700 leading researchers.
  • Founded: 1964
  • Headquarters: Heidelberg, Germany.
  • Functions: It promotes research in life science and enables international exchange of scientific information between scientists.
  • Support talented researchers at all stages of their careers and also stimulate scientific information exchange.
  • It organizes courses, conferences and workshops, publishes four international scientific journals and supports projects of individual scientists.

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China officially abandons its One Child Policy by passing law

China has officially abandoned its One Child Policy amid deepening demographic crisis of shrinking workforce and aging population in the world’s second largest economy.

In this regard 159-member National People’s Congress Standing Committee, the top organ of China’s Parliament has passed revised Law on Population and Family Planning.

The new law allows couples to have two children from January 1, 2016 and marks the ending its over three decades old One Child Policy.

China’s One Child Policy

  • This forced policy was introduced in 1978 and was implemented since 1980 in order to curb the population and limit demands for water and other resources.
  • Its main aim was to rein in population growth in order to alleviate social, economic and environmental problems in China.
  • The controversial policy had restricted most of Chinese couples to only a single offspring and prevented over 400 million births in over 3 decade span.
  • Internationally it was criticized because it involved serious human rights violations including forced abortions and also was debated it has resulted in China’s economic boom.

Comment

  • The new law was adopted as part of China’s efforts to relax the family planning laws in a response to an ageing population and to manage the demography of the country.
  • This decision aims to help China to reduce its gender imbalance as the One Child Policy had caused a dramatic gender imbalance due to forced sterilizations, infanticide and sex-selective abortions.

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China’s Parliament adopts country’s first law against domestic violence

China’s Parliament has adopted the country’s first law against domestic violence that prohibits any form of domestic violence, including psychological abuse.

The legislation was approved at the end of a week-long bimonthly session of the National People’s Congress (NPC) Standing Committee, the top organ of China’s parliament.

Key facts

  • The law aims at bringing traditionally silent abuse victims, including couples who are in live-in relationship under legal protection.
  • It prohibits any form of domestic violence in China and formally defines domestic violence.
  • It streamlines the process for obtaining restraining orders including measures long advocated by anti-domestic abuse groups.
  • Under this bill, victims and those in immediate danger of domestic violence can file for a personal protection order that must be granted by court or denies within 72 hours.
  • In urgent cases, the court must take decisions must within 24 hours. The order granted by court may prohibit the abuser from harassing, stalking or contacting the applicant and his or her close relatives.
  • For violation of protection order, the abuser may be fined up to 1,000 yuan and detained for up to 15 days or face criminal charges in serious offences.

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