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Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Jayalalithaa passes away

Tamil Nadu Chief Minister J Jayalalithaa passed away at the Apollo Hospitals, Chennai following cardiac arrest. She was 68.

Jayalalithaa was one of the country’s most articulate and determined political personalities and a top film actress of the 1960s and 1970s. She was famously known as Puratchi Thalaivi Amma (revolutionary leader) or Amma.

About J Jayalalithaa

  • Born on 24 February 1948 at Melkote in Mandya district in then Mysore State (now Karnataka). At birth she was named Komalavalli and was renamed Jayalalithaa.
  • She had entered into film industry when she was 16 years old. Her debut as lead actress wasi n a Kannada film Vennira Aadai in 1955.
  • She was launched into Tamil films starring as the heroine in MGR’s “Ayirathil Oruvan.” Since then both have acted together in 28 films, many of them super hits.
  • In her acting career, she had acted in more than 140 films in Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Hindi and English.
  • She was also known for her dancing skills and was often referred as the uncrowned queen of Tamil cinema.
  • She had entered into politics in 1982 under the mentorship of co-star and then Chief Minister M.G. Ramachandran (MGR), the founder of the AIADMK.
  • After death of MGR in 1987, she took charge of the party and became chief minister of Tamil Nadu for first time in 1991.
  • She served as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for six times from 1991 to 1996 (1st time), in 2001 (2nd time), from 2002 to 2006 (3rd time), from 2011 to 2014 (4th time), 2015 to 2016 (5th time) and May 2016 to December 2016 (sixth time).
  • Since 2011, Jayalalithaa had launched several public welfare schemes doling out numerous freebies under the ‘Brand Amma’.
  • Some of such schemes are Amma Unavagam (canteen), Amma Water, Amma Salt. These schemes had won accolades nationally and endearing herself to the masses.

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J Jayalalithaa sworn-in as Tamil Nadu Chief Minister for sixth time

Ms. J Jayalalithaa has sworn in as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for record sixth time after winning 2016 state assembly election with absolute majority.

State Governor Dr.K. Rosaiah administered the oath of office and secrecy to her at oath taking ceremony held at the Centenary Auditorium, Madras University. Besides, Governor also administered oath of office and secrecy to the 28 ministers of her government.

This is J Jayalalithaa’s second consecutive term as chief minister and sixth overall. She is the second female Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu after Janaki Ramachandran.

About J Jayalalithaa

  • J Jayalalithaa was born on 24 February 1948 in Mandya in then Mysore State (now in Karnataka).
  • She was an actress before entering into active politics and appeared in 140 films which include Tamil, Telugu, and Kannada films.
  • She was a leading actress in films from 1961 to 1980 and was famously considered as one of the most prolific and most versatile actress.
  • She was also known for her dancing skills and was often referred as the uncrowned queen of Tamil cinema.
  • Previously, she served as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu from 1991 to 1996 (1st time), in 2001 (2nd time), from 2002 to 2006 (3rd time), from 2011 to 2014 (4th time) and 2015 to 2016 (5th time).

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Jayalalithaa sworn-in as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for fifth time

Jayalalithaa was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for the fifth time on 23 May 2015.

Governor K. Rosaiah administered the oath of office and secrecy to her at oath taking ceremony held at Centenary Auditorium of the University of Madras in Chennai.

With this, Jayalalithaa became 29th chief minister of Tamil Nadu for record fifth time which matches the record of former state CM and DMK leader M Karunanidhi.

Apart from Jayalalithaa, 28 other ministers also took oath of office and secrecy. All the ministers for the first time in the history of the state took oath of office and secrecy as a chorus.

Background

  • In September 2014, she had stepped down as the CM after trial court convicted and had sentenced her to 4 years in jail in the 19-year old Disproportionate Assets case.
  • After this judgment of trial court she was disqualified as an MLA in accordance section 8 of the Representation of People’s Act (RPA), 1951.
  • However, Karnataka High Court had acquitted her in the disproportionate assets case on May 11, 2015 which had paved way for her to take over the reins as CM of Tamil Nadu again.

Section 8 of RPA, 1915: Any convicted person sentenced to imprisonment for more than two years is disqualified from the date of such conviction and further barred from contesting election for 6 years after the release.

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