Jharkhand Current Affairs

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Four States come together for elephant census

For the first time in India, four states Odisha, West Bengal, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand have decided to conduct a synchronised elephant census in May 2017.

These four together have the maximum number of human-elephant conflict-prone regions in India. This decision was taken by senior Forest Department officials of the four States during a regional workshop.

Key Facts
  • These states will conduct the census based on an identical set of rules using the direct and indirect counting methods
  • The direct counting method is based on sighting of elephants while the indirect method uses the elephant ‘dung decay’ formula, in which the analysis of dung is used to estimate the population.
  • The indirect method has already been used by Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Direct method can be used alone because it is not possible to cover entire area during the census
  • As per the 2015 census, Odisha has 1,954 elephants while Jharkhand has 700, Chhattisgarh and West Bengal had approximately 275 and 130 elephants, respectively.

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Government signs Financing Agreement with World Bank for Tejaswini Project

The Union Government has signed a Financing Agreement with World Bank for IDA credit of $63 million for the Tejaswini Socio-Economic Empowerment of Adolescent Girls and Young Women (AGYW) Project.

It is World Bank’s first project in India solely focused on the welfare of adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) aged between 14 and 24 to complete their secondary level education and provide relevant skills for job market.

About Tejaswini Project

  • It seeks to empower adolescent girls with basic life skills to acquire market driven skill training or completion of secondary education, depending on the inclination of the beneficiary. Its three main components are
  • Expanding social, educational and economic opportunities: Support AGYW to achieve greater social, educational, and economic empowerment at community level and institutional level.
  • Intensive service delivery: It will evaluate more intensive community-level service delivery models focused on increasing AGYW’s access to educational interventions, training and employment opportunities
  • State capacity-building and implementation support: It aims to support strengthening of institutional capacity and outreach of concerned government agencies to enable effective and efficient delivery of services for AGYW in the state.
  • Life skills education includes four core elements: (i) Resilience and soft skills (ii) Rights and protections (iii) Health and nutrition. (iv) Financial literacy.
  • The project is being delivered in 17 Districts of Jharkhand. About 680,000 adolescent girls and young women in these districts are expected to benefit from the program.

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CRPF for first time deploys women commandos for anti-Naxal operations

The Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) for the first time has deployed a team of women commandos in anti-Naxal operations in Jharkhand.

The 135 women commandos belonging to the 232 battalion’s Delta company have started carrying out anti-Naxal operations.

Key Facts

  • The women commandos are currently undertaking operations under the close supervision of CRPF’s 133 battalion in Naxal-infested forests on the outskirts of Ranchi near Khoonti area.
  • They will be equally capable of neutralising Naxals in par with men commandos. They are experts in carrying out all types of anti-Naxal operations and shall play important role in tackling women Naxals.
  • They have been trained in several case studies and carry out their operation in a perfect manner. They are also equipped with modern weapons and software to assist them in executing their plan.

About Central Reserve Police Force (CRFP)

  • CRPF is the largest central armed police force or paramilitary force in India. It functions under the aegis of Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).
  • Its primary role is to assist States/Union Territories in police operations to maintain law and order and contain insurgency.
  • It was established in 1939, under Crown Representative’s Police but after independence it was made statutory after enactment of the CRPF Act, 1949.
  • At present, CRPF is the world’s largest paramilitary force with 228 battalions and over three lakh personnel.

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