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Union Cabinet gives nod to Constitution of 21st Law Commission of India

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi has given its approval to constitute the 21st Law Commission of India (LCI).
Update: The Union Government has appointed former Supreme Court (SC) judge Justice Balbir Singh Chauhan (66) as Chairman of the 21st Law Commission of India (LCI). Read Here

The 21st LCI will have a period of 3 years with effect from 1 September 2015 to 31 August 2018.

Composition

  • Chairperson (full-time),
  • Four Members (full-time). It will include a Member-Secretary.
  • 3 Secretaries: Department of Legal Affairs, Legislative Department and Legislative Department as ex offcio Members.
  • Up to 5 part-time Members

Functions

  • Undertake research in existing laws by reviewing them for making reforms therein and enacting new legislations.
  • Undertake studies and research to bring reforms in the justice delivery systems in the country in order to eliminate the delays in procedures, speedy disposal of cases and cost reduction of litigations etc.
  • Suggest enactment of new legislations to implement the Directive Principles and attain the various objectives enshrined in the Preamble of the Constitution.
  • Prepare and submit reports to the Union Government on all matters, issues, studies and research undertaken by it. These reports should recommend effective measures to be undertaken by the Union or any State government.

Background

  • The Law Commission of India (LCI) is a non-statutory and non-constitutional body constituted by the Union Government from time to time.
  • The first commission was constituted in 1955 and since then various commissions were re-constituted every three years.
  • So far, various Law Commissions have submitted 262 reports in which they were able to make important contribution towards codification and progressive development of laws of the country.
  • The 20th LCI was headed by Justice A P Shah, Former Chief Justice (CJ) of Delhi High Court and its tenure ended on 31 August, 2015.

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