Mamata Banerjee Current Affairs

Election Commission grants National Party status to All India Trinamool Congress

The Election Commission of India (ECI) has granted national party status to All India Trinamool Congress (TMC) Party led by West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee.

The party has fulfilled the required conditions to become a national party after getting status of state party in four states. The TMC is ruling the West Bengal Government and has its presence in north eastern states Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh and Tripura.

With this recognition, TMC became seventh national party in the country along with Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Congress, Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP), Nationalist Congress Party (NCP), Communist Party of India (CPI) and Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPM).

Note: The Election Commission of India (ECI) is only the authority that grants National Party or State Party status to any political party in the country.

Eligibility to get National Party Status

If any political party

  • (i) Secures at least 6% of the valid votes polled in any four or more states, in the Lok Sabha election or to the State Legislative Assembly and (ii) In addition, it wins at least 4 seats in the Lok Sabha from any State or States. OR
  • (iii) Wins at least 2% seats in the Lok Sabha (i.e., 11 seats in the existing Lok Sabha having 543 members) and these members are elected from at least three different States. OR
  • (iv) It is recognised as a State party in at least four States.

Comment

  • Recently in August 2016, the ECI had brought changes in Paragraph 6C of the Election Symbols (Reservation and Allotment) Order, 1968 to review the status of political parties every 10 years, instead of present norm of five years.
  • For instance, the status of a party (either national or state party) that did not perform up to the required criteria in 2014 election will be reviewed in 2024.
  • The changes has given major reprieve to three political parties (BSP, NCP and CPI) which were facing possibility of losing their “national party” status and all benefits associated with it despite not having met criteria in the 2014 Lok Sabha election.

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Mamata Banerjee sworn-in as West Bengal Chief Minister for a second term

Mamata Banerjee was sworn-in as the Chief Minister of West Bengal for second successive five-year term at oath taking ceremony held on Red Road.

State Governor Keshri Nath Tripathi administered her oath of office and secrecy along with the 42 ministers of her government. Mamata Banerjee is eighth chief minister of West Bengal and the first CM of the state.

About Mamata Banerjee

  • Born on 5 January 1955 in Kolkata, West Bengal. She had started her political career in the Congress party when she was only 15.
  • She had founded All India Trinamool Congress (AITMC or TMC) party in 1997 after separating from the Indian National Congress.
  • In 2011, she became first woman Chief Minister of West Bengal after TMC Congress alliance had emerged victorious in 2011 general election.
  • In the 2011 election, TMC Congress alliance had defeated 34-year-old Communist Party of India (Marxist)-led Left Front government, the longest-serving democratically-elected communist government in the world.
  • She also had served as the Union Minister of Railways twice and was the first woman Railway Minister of India.
  • She also had served as Union Minister of Coal and Union Minister of State for Human Resource Development, Department of Youth Affairs.

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