MGNREGA Current Affairs

One crore assets geotagged under GeoMGNREGA initiative

MGNREGA has reached a major milestone by geotagging one crore assets created under it. The geotagged assets have been put in public domain. The scale of assets created under MGNREGA is massive and is estimated to be about 2.82 crore assets since the financial year 2006-07. On an average, it works out to a creation of 30 lakh assets annually.

The type of assets created under MGNREGA includes water harvesting structures, plantations, rural infrastructure, flood control measures, individual assets for sustainable livelihood, community infrastructure etc. As per the Ministry of Rural Affairs, all assets created under MGNREGA will be geotagged and special focus would be given to geotagging of Natural Resource Management works primarily the water-related works.

The geotagging exercise is expected to usher in greater transparency and accountability at field level.

Background

Geotagging of assets created under MGNREGA was started after Prime Minister Narendra Modi emphasised the need for online recording and monitoring of assets to check leakages. Subsequently, on June 24, 2016, the Ministry of Rural development signed a MoU with National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC), ISRO and National Informatics Centre to geotag MGNREGA assets created under each village panchayats.

The geotagging exercise commenced from 1st September 2016. Gram Rozgar Sahayak or a junior engineer uploads the photos of assets on the Bhuvan web portal run by ISRO’s National Remote Sensing Centre via a mobile app. The time and location of the asset get automatically encrypted at the time of upload of the photos. In this way, within a span of seven months, one crore assets have been geotagged and shared in public domain.

In January 2017, Kangra district (Himachal Pradesh) became the first district in the country to geotag all the assets created under MGNREGA.

Geotagging is a process of adding geographical identification in the form of metadata to various media like websites, SMS, QR codes, RSS feeds, geotagged photographs etc. The data usually consists of parameters like latitude, longitude, altitude, distance, place names etc. It can help to find a range of location specific information from a device.

 

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MGNREGA completes 10 years of implementation

The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), 2005  completes ten years of implementation.

On this occasion, Union Ministry of Rural Development had organised MGNREGA SAMMELAN in New Delhi to highlight achievements MGNREGA. Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley was Chief Guest in the Sammelan.

About Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), 2005  

  • MGNREGA is a flagship rural job guarantee scheme that was announced by the then UPA government headed by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in February 2006.
  • The scheme aims at providing 100 days wage employment to every household to ensure livelihood security in rural areas.
  • It also aimed at sustainable development to address the cause of drought, deforestation and soil erosion.
  • One third (33 per cent) proposed jobs in the scheme have been reserved for the women.
  • Union Ministry of Rural Development is nodal agency for the implementation of the scheme.

Status of Implementation

  • Since its implementation began the total expenditure on the scheme has amounted to over 3 lakh crore rupees. Out of this, 71% has been spent on wage payments to workers.
  • The percentage of Scheduled Caste (SC) workers has consistently been about 20% and Scheduled Tribe (ST) workers has been about 17%. Women participation has rose to 57% well above the statutory requirement of 33%.
  • Over 1,980 crore person-days employment have been generated in the programme. More than 65% of the works taken under MGNREGA are linked to agriculture and allied activities.

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