Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation Current Affairs

Government Panel recommends legal framework to protect interests of migrants

Government appointed ‘Working Group on Migration’ headed by Partha Mukhopadhay has recommended necessary legal and policy framework to protect the interests of the migrants in the country.

The panel in its report stated that the migrant population makes substantial contribution to economic growth and so it is necessary to secure their Constitutional rights. The 18-member Working Group was constituted by Union Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation (HUPA) in 2015. 

Recommendations
  • Protocols of the Registrar General of India (RGI) should be amended to enable caste based enumeration of migrants so that they can avail the attendant benefits in the States to which migration takes place.
  • Migrants should be enabled to avail Public Distribution System (PDS) benefits in the destination state by providing for inter-State operability of PDS.
  • States should be encouraged to proactively eliminate the requirement of domicile status to prevent any discrimination in work and employment.
  • Domicile status goes against constitutional fundamental right of Freedom of Movement and residence in any part of the territory of the country.
  • States should include migrant children in the Sarva Siksha Abhiyan’s (SSA) Annual Work Plans to uphold their Right to Education.
  • Vast network of post offices should be made effective by reducing the cost of transfer of money to avoid informal remittences transfers by migrants.
  • Migrants should be enabled to open bank accounts and banks should adhere to RBI guidelines regarding Know Your Customer (KYC) norms and not insist on documents that were not required
  • Hugely underutilized Construction Workers Welfare Cess Fund (CWWF) should be used to promote rental housing, working Women Hostels etc. for the benefit of migrants.
Background

According to census 2011 and National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO), migrants constitute about 30% of the country’s population and also of the total working force. 2016-17 Economic Survey also noted that annual migration in the country increased to 9.00 million in 2016 from 3.30 million in 2011.

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Logo of Housing Start Up Index (HSUI) launched

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The Union Minister of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, Dr. Girija Vyas launched the Housing Start Up Index (HSUI) logo, web site and monitoring tool “Integrated Urban Poverty Monitoring System” (IPoMs) for JnNURM and Rajiv Awas Yojana (RAY). 

What is a Housing Start-Up Index?

The Housing Start-Up Index (HSUI) is an index that tracks the number of houses being constructed every year across the country.

  • Joint initiative of Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation and the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).
  • The index will help the developers to determine the risk of building in a particular area, as it will provide information about the construction activity happening across major cities.
  • It is a good measure of consumer confidence when they are confident about the future the consumers would take on a big liability such as buying a house.
  • It can also help authorities to detect property bubbles in their early stage.
  • The buyer/seller can compare the index price with the offer while deciding on a deal.
  • The index helps in tracking consumer behavior as well as the investment trends geographically.
  • The HSUI is probably to cover new residential projects in a mix of Tier-I, II and III cities.
 About Integrated Urban Poverty Monitoring System (IPoMs)
  • To closely monitor the submission of the Detailed Project Reports under RAY, by the States, a web-based tool called the IPoMs has been designed by the Ministry.
  • Through this tool, the implementation of the scheme, can be expedited and tracked effectively. This will also ensure transparency and accountability in the implementation of the scheme.

Note: The first phase of HSUI will cover 31 cities across the country. The major cities viz. Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bengaluru, Kolkata, etc are under the index. Finally, it will cover the rest of the country. Once operational, the data is expected to be printed on a quarterly basis.

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