Nagaland Current Affairs

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Centre extends Ceasefire with Naga rebel groups till April 27, 2018

The union government has extended the ceasefire with the two Naga armed factions, namely, National Socialist Council of Nagaland-Reformation (NSCN-R) and National Socialist Council of Nagaland-Neakpao-Kithovi (GPRN/NSCN) till April 27, 2018. The decision over extension of ceasefire was taken at a meeting held between the officials of Home Ministry and the Ceasefire Supervisory Board of Naga armed factions. A ceasefire is already in operation between the government and the Naga armed factions of NSCN-R and NSCN-NK.

Background

Nagaland is known as an epicentre of insurgency in north-eastern India. The Union Government and the insurgent group NSCN had entered into a ceasefire accord in 1997. Since then, they have continued with the peace process.

The Naga rebels have been insisting on their sovereignty and also demanding the creation of a ‘Greater Nagaland’ or Nagalim, which consists all the Naga-inhabited areas of neighbouring Assam, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh and some portions Myanmar, which it considers to be the rightful homeland of the Nagas.  However, the establishment of Nagalim threatens to include large chunks of territories of three neighbouring States, Assam, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh, along with some portion of Myanmar. Thus, fulfilling the demand of a Greater Nagaland would affect the integrity of other states.

In 2010, the Government of India had made it clear that it will not change the boundaries of the current states. In August 2015, a ‘framework agreement’ between the Central Government and the NSCN-IM was signed. The agreement brought to an end ‘almost two-decade-old’ ceasefire and endless rounds of ‘talks’ and has opened up avenues of peace talks with the militias.

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Shurhozelie Liezitsu sworn-in as Chief Minister of Nagaland

Shurhozelie Liezitsu (81) was sworn-in as the 17th Chief Minister of Nagaland. He was administered the oath of office and secrecy by Governor PB Acharya at a ceremony in the state capital Kohima.

He succeeded TR Zeliang, who had resigned as the Chief Minister following widespread protests over reservation to women in local body elections. Besides CM, 10 other members of the Council also took oath.

About Shurhozelie Liezitsu

  • His political career spans over four decades since he was first elected to the state assembly in 1969 from northern Angami-I constituency under Kohima district.
  • He also has served the office eight times, holding different ministerial portfolios, including education and planning. He was the Minister for Higher education till 2013.
  • He is one of the founding members of first regional party in Nagaland. He is also an eminent scholar and one of the most decorated educationists in the Angami literature (the native language of the Angami tribe).
Background

Shurhozelie Liezitsu, president of Naga People’s Front party was invited by the Governor to form a new government following the resignation of Zeliang. He had emerged as the unanimous choice for the post and formally staked his claim after 42 of the 49 legislators unanimously supported him as their new legislature party leader to break the deadlock between the agitating tribal groups and the government. Nagaland was in political turmoil since January 2017 after the TR Zeliang led NPF government had decided to hold local body elections in 12 towns across the state with 33% reservation for women. Various tribal groups  had opposed the civic elections on the ground that certain provisions of Nagaland Municipal Act, 2001 related to women’s reservation framed under Article 243(T) of the Constitution (Reservation of seats in municipalities) infringed upon Naga tradition and customs that are protected under Article 371(A) of the Constitution (Special provision with respect to Nagaland).

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Hornbill Festival begins in Nagaland

The Hornbill Festival began in the Naga Heritage village of Kisama. The festival coincides with the Statehood Day of Nagaland which is observed on December 1.

It is tourism promotional extravaganza to revive, protect and preserve the richness and uniqueness of the Naga heritage. It is also called as the ‘Festival of Festivals‘.

Key Facts
  • Hornbill Festival is celebrated in Nagaland every year in the first week of December. It is one of the biggest indigenous festivals of the country.
  • The festival is a tribute to Hornbill, the most admired and revered bird for the Nagas for its qualities of alertness and grandeur.
  • The majestic bird is closely identified with the social and cultural life of the Nagas as reflected in tribal folklore, dances and songs.
  • It is organized by the State Tourism and Art & Culture Departments. It is also supported by the Union Government.
  • The Hornbill Festival provides a colourful mixture of dances, performances, crafts, parades, games, sports, food fairs and religious ceremonies.
  • It exposes both the culture and tradition of tribal peoples, and reinforces Nagaland’s identity as a unique state in India’s federal union.
  • It was established on 1st December 1963 and was inaugurated by the then President Dr. S Radhakrishnan.
  • Over the years festival has become a unique platform for tourists to witness cultural diversity not only of the Nagas and other seven sister states of the northeastern region.

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