Namami Gange Programme Current Affairs

Government launches first ever across-the-river survey to figure out aquatic life

The Union Government has launched the first ever across-the-river survey in River Ganga to determine the population of aquatic life, including that of the endangered Gangetic doplhin.

The survey will create a baseline scientific data for the government to take suitable measures to improve quality of the Ganga’s water. 

Key Facts
  • The first of its kind survey is being conducted by National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) through Wildlife Institute of India (WII) under Namami Gange programme.
  • The first leg of the census was launched on March 1, 2017 from Narora in Uttar Pradesh to Bijnor (covering nearly 165 km distance) to establish the number of the Gangetic dolphin, national aquatic animal.
  • In next phase it will be launched in the Allahabad to Varanasi stretch (close to 250 km in length) in Uttar Pradesh.
  • It will find out stretches where dolphin is habitating, what are the conditions there and the level of threat the long-snouted species is facing in a particular belt,
  • The study to figure out fish species composition in the in the 2525 km-long stretch of River Ganga also been started from Harshil in Uttarakhand.
  • Besides populace count, it will help know distribution pattern of aquatic life in river, extent of threat level faced by them and their habitat conditions. It will also ascertain number of ghariyals and turtles.
Significance

This will be for the first time a comprehensive and scientific study will be conducted to determine the population of aquatic life in River Ganga. Earlier all the surveys carried out were conducted in bits and pieces or were rapid.

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Ministry of Ganga Rejuvenation and Ministry of Agriculture sign MoU for speedy implementation of Namami Gange programme

The Union Water Resources Ministry has signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Union Agriculture Ministry for speedy implementation of Namami Gange programme.

The MoU will encourage farmers of over 5,000 villages along the Ganga River to take up organic farming to curb pollution caused by chemical fertiliser-laden runoff in the river.

As per the MoU

  • The Union Agriculture Ministry will develop organic farming in over 5,000 villages along the Ganga River under Paramaparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana.
  • Each Gram Panchayat along the Ganga River will represent a single cluster and it will promote organic farming through awareness programmes, self-help groups, mobile apps etc.
  • Government will provide training on Integrated Nutrient Management and micro-irrigation techniques.
  • It will also encourage livelihood opportunities and natural farming, based on animal husbandry.
  • The achievement and progress of implementation will be monitored by a steering committee consisting of the nodal officers from each ministry which will meet once in three months or whenever necessary.

Comment

  • Namami Gange is a “multi-disciplinary” programme and its success depends largely on the participation of other ministries, state governments and local communities.
  • The MoU will remain in effect for three years and thereafter can be extended on mutual agreement between the two parties.

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