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PM Narendra Modi inaugurates Nobel Prize Series India Exhibition in Gandhinagar

Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the Nobel Prize Series Exhibition in Gandhinagar, Gujarat. It is the first-of-its-kind conclave of Nobel laureates to be held in India.

It has been organised by Nobel Media and coordinated by the Department of Biotechnology. Nine Nobel laureates are attending it and interact with students of Indian Universities.

Key facts
  • The Nobel Prize Series 2017 will feature a five week long Science Exhibition. It is being set up by the Nobel Foundation with exhibits from Nobel Museum at Stockholm, Sweden.
  • One of the 9 Nobel laureates include India-born scientist Dr Venkatraman Ramakrishnan. He won 2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on ribosome structure along with Thomas A Steitz and Ada Yonath.
  • The other eight Nobel laureates are H C Harmut Michel (1988, Chemistry) Harold Varmus (1989, Medicine), Richard J Roberts (1993, Medicine), David J Gross (2004, Physics), Serge Haroche (2012, Physics), Randy Schekman (2013, Medicine), W E Moerner (2014, Chemistry) and Ada Yonath (2009, Chemistry).
Background

The Department of Biotechnology (DBT) under the Union Ministry of Science and Technology and Nobel Media had signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for hosting Nobel Prize Series in India for the next 5years in 2016. Later, a trilateral Memorandum of Understanding was signed between the DBT, Gujarat Government and the Nobel Media. It aims to bring together Nobel Laureates and other experts and learners with an aim to stimulate innovation and creative thinking. The conference will exhibit various conferences, lectures, exhibitions and roundtables.

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Key announcements of PM Narendra Modi’s new year eve’s speech

Following the tough decision to demonetise Rs 500 and Rs 1000 currency notes, Prime Minister Narendra Modi today thanked citizens for undertaking sacrifice to cleanse the economy of black money.

In his address, he announced a number of welfare sops to help the poor, the rural sector, small businesses and other citizens to lighten the burden of demonetization. 

Some of the few announcements are
  • Rural and Urban Housing for poor: PM announced two new housing schemes for the urban poor. Under Pradhan Mantri Aawaz Yojana (PMAY), the poor and middle class in cities will get 4% exemption on interest for home loans up to Rs 9 lakh and 3% exemption for home loans up to Rs 12 lakh.
  • Under PMAY, 33% more houses will be built in villages. Home loans up to Rs 2 lakh will get 3% exemptions for building a new house and also for renovation in villages.
  • Farmers: 3 crore Kisan credit cards will be converted into RuPay cards in coming 3 months. Government will bear 60 days interest on select farm loans.
  • Government will add Rs 20,000 crore more to fund created by NABARD of Rs 21000 crore for giving loans to cooperative banks and societies at low interest rate.
  • Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME): To give boost to the small entrepreneurs credit guarantee for small businesses doubled to Rs 2 crore.
  • Banks have been asked to raise cash credit limit for small business to 25% from 20%. Banks also have been asked to increase working capital loans from 20% of turnover to 30% for enterprises that transact digitally.
  • Women and elderly: Pregnant women and lactating women in above 650 rural districts will get Rs 6,000 in bank accounts to meet medical expenses and reduce child, woman mortality.
  • Senior citizens will get guarantee of 8% interest rate on deposits up to Rs 7.5 lakh for 10 years.

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PM Narendra Modi launches UPI based mobile payment app called BHIM

Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched UPI based mobile payment application called BHIM (Bharat Interface for Money) at the Digi Dhan Mela held in Talkatora stadium, New Delhi,

The app is rebranded version of UPI (Unified Payment Interface) and USSD (Unstructured Supplementary Service Data) for simpler digital payments without cash.

Key Facts
  • BHIM is Aadhaar-based payments app developed by the National Payment Corporation of India (NPCI).
  • The app allows easily transferring money or making a payment from your bank account using only phone number. It can work even on basic phones as it supports USSD payments.
  • It has mobile wallet facility in which money can be loaded. Using it anyone can directly connect their phone to bank account like a debit card.
  • The app also allows user to scan a QR code. The merchant can also generate his QR code through the app. Payment can be done through scanning QR code.
  • Merchants can also use the BHIM app to receive money from a smartphone or Aadhaar Pay if customer has linked a bank account and Aadhaar ID.
  • Payments through this app are happening directly from and to bank accounts, so merchants don’t have to worry about transferring wallet earnings to the bank account.
  • All major UPI connected Indian banks accepts money through BHIM app. Even banks not connected to UPI can receive money through BHIM through IFSC assigned to banks.

bhim-infographic

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