New Zealand Current Affairs

Vaccine shows protection against gonorrhea for first time: Scientists

Scientists from New Zealand for the first time have claimed that vaccine can protect against the sexually transmitted infection gonorrhoea. They have found that Men B jab vaccine originally developed to stop an outbreak of meningitis B can protect from gonorrhoea.

Key Facts

Scientists claim was based on analysis of vaccination data of about a million adolescents in New Zealand who were vaccinated by Men B jab vaccine between 2004 and 2006. They found that gonorrhoea cases had fallen by 31% in vaccinated adolescents. The bacterium that causes meningitis, Neisseria meningitidis, is a very close relative of the bacterium species Neisseria gonorrhoeae, which causes gonorrhoea. Thus, it appears the Men B jab vaccine is giving “cross-protection” against gonorrhoea.

Antibiotic resistance making gonorrhea difficult to treat

According to a new warning from the World Health Organization (WHO), antibiotic resistance is making gonorrhea difficult to treat. . Therefore, developing a vaccine is urgently needed to stop global spread of super-gonorrhoea.

About Gonorrhoea

Gonorrhoea disease (also called the clap) is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It spreads by unprotected sex. Its symptoms include a thick green or yellow discharge from sexual organs, pain when urinating and bleeding between periods in case of in women. In many cases, no symptoms are seen at all. Untreated gonorrhoeae infection can lead to infertility in both genders, pelvic inflammatory disease in women and can be passed on to a child during pregnancy. According to WHO, about 78 million people pick up the sexually transmitted infection each year due to Gonorrhoea.

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India wins historic 500th Test against New Zealand

India has won the test match against New Zealand by 197-runs in their historic 500th cricket Test in Kanpur.

On the fifth and final day of the match at Green Park, India bowled out the visitors for 236 in their second innings. Shortly after Lunch, they set them an improbable target of 434.

Senior off-spinner Ravichandran Ashwin had taken 6 wickets in the innings, completed his fifth six-wicket haul in his career. Ravinder Jadeja was declared Man of the Match for his fine all-round performance. He had taken six wickets and scored 92 runs in the match.

This victory was India’s 88th on the home turf. It also gave them a 1-0 lead in the three-Test series. With this, India has now taken their unbeaten tally on home soil to 11 matches. On the other hand New Zealand has remained without a win on the Indian soil since 1998.

Special Note

  • India is the 4th country to play 500 Tests in a format which has 10 participants. Others are England (played 976 test matches), Australia (791) and West Indies (517).
  • The first ever Test match was played by India in England on June 25, 1932 under Douglas Jardine. CK Nayudu was the captain of the Indian team.

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