NSSO Current Affairs

Government Sets Up Task Force for Reliable Employment Data

The government has set up a task force headed by NITI Aayog vice-chairman Arvind Panagariya to come up with a methodology to generate timely and reliable employment data. The Prime Minister Narendra Modi himself has initiated the process and has asked the task force to submit its recommendations at the earliest. The other members of the task force are labour secretary M. Sathiyavathy, secretary of the statistics department T.C.A. Ananth, NITI Aayog’s Pulak Ghosh and Manish Sabharwal, chairman and co-founder of staffing firm Teamlease Services Ltd.

Need

India does not have reliable data on jobs. The available data is currently outdated. The data on jobs in the informal sector which employs country’s majority of the workforce is not easliy available. Also, the data released by the Labour Bureau is restricted to the organized sector. National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) data which is the most comprehensive data available on jobs is generated with a time lag.

Better data on jobs data will help policy planners assess the impact of policies on jobs and will shed light on the actual size of the informal economy

Labour Market

India’s labour market constitutes of over 470 million people. According to CRISIL, around 18 million people enter the workforce every year. As per the data with the NSSO, India had created around 59.9 million jobs between 1999-2000 and 2004-05 and created nearly two million jobs between 2004-05 and 2009-10. Between 2009-10 and 2011-12, 13.9 million jobs were created in the country.

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Literacy rate 71% in rural areas, 86% in urban areas: NSSO survey

National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) survey has pegged literacy rate in the rural areas at 71 per cent and 86 per cent in the urban areas in year 2014.

It was revealed in NSSO’s 71st Round of survey on Social Consumption: Education which was conducted from January to June 2014.

As per the NSSO survey

  • Literacy among the age group of 7 year and above: Male literacy rate- 83 percent, female literacy rate- 67 per cent.
  • Adult literacy (age 15 years and above) rate: It was around 71 per cent. In rural areas- 64 per cent, urban areas- 84 per cent.
  • Education level of graduation and above: It was 4.5 per cent of males and 2.2 per cent of females in rural areas. While, in urban areas it was 17 per cent of males and 13 per cent of females.
  • Primary level students: 72 per cent in rural areas and 31 per cent in urban areas.
  • Upper primary level: 76 per in rural areas and38 per cent in urban areas.
  • Secondary and Higher secondary level: 64 per cent in rural areas and 38 per cent in urban areas.

The 71st Round of survey had covered entire country with samples taken from 29,447 households in urban areas and 36,479 households in rural areas from 3,720 urban blocks and 4,577 villages.

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