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Internet Pioneer Robert Taylor Passes Away

Robert Taylor, a pioneer of Modern Computing and the Internet has passed away at the age of 85. Rob Taylor was instrumental in creating the internet and the modern personal computer. Taylor’s engineering team was also responsible for the development of Ethernet and a word processing program, Microsoft Word.

Taylor worked with Pentagon’s Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) in 1966 and was instrumental in creating a single computer network to link ARPA-sponsored researchers at companies and institutions. That shared network, ARPANET has evolved into the internet.

Taylor also worked at Xerox’s famous Palo Alto Research Center, or Parc, where he and his team created the Alto, a pioneering personal computer. This technology was the inspiration for Microsoft’s Windows software and the Apple computers. Taylor was awarded the National Medal of Technology and Innovation in 1999. He was also awarded the Draper prize from the National Academy of Engineering for the development of “the first practical networked personal computers” in 2004.

National Medal of Technology and Innovation is the highest honour for technological achievement in the United States. It will be granted by the President of United States for the distinguished contributions of new and important technology. The award is given for individuals/group of people/organization.


Former J&K Governor Girish Chandra Saxena passes away

Former Governor of Jammu and Kashmir Girish Chandra Saxena has passed away at the age of 90. Saxena was an Indian Police Service officer of the 1950 batch from the Uttar Pradesh cadre. He served two terms as the governor of Jammu and Kashmir. First term from May 26, 1990 till March 13, 1993 and the second from 1998 to 2003. Saxena also served as the head of Research and Analysis Wing from 1983 to 1986, and also as an advisor to former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi.


Renowned Meteorologist Dev Raj Sikka passes away

Renowned Meteorologist and former director of the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (Pune) Dev Raj Sikka passed away. He was 85.

He is famously known as Monsoon Man and the Father of Indian Meteorology. He was first proposed a link between the El Nino phenomenon and the Indian monsoon in 1982, but that time less importance was given to it.

About Dev Raj Sikka

  • He was born on March 1, 1932 in Jhang, Maghiana in Pre-partition India (now in Panjab, Pakistan) and later migrated to India after the partition.
  • He had completed his Masters in Science (MSc) in Physical Chemistry from Agra University and joined Indian Meteorological Department (IMP) in 1954.
  • He joined Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM) in Pune in 1964 and retired from the same as the director of the institute.
  • He is credited with being among the pioneers of developing weather models and computer-modelling techniques to forecast the monsoon.
  • He had actively participated in research and development of Monsoon Dynamics, , Prediction of Weather and Climatology, Tropical Meteorology, Atmospheric Chemistry and Air-Sea interaction.
  • He had served as Chairman of the Ministry of Earth Sciences’ Monsoon Mission, a programme to improve monsoon-related forecasts.
  • He also had served as chairman of Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) committee on Climate Change and also of Research and Advisory Council of National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecast.
  • Awards and Honours: IMD’s Lifetime time achievement award and Sir Gilbert Walker Gold Medal (2010). 

About El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO)

It is complex climatic and weather phenomenon observed due see-sawing of temperatures in the equatorial Pacific. It is among the most significant factors that meteorologists scan to forecast the performance of the Indian monsoon. 6 out of 10 El Nino-years have been associated with below-normal rainfall over India.