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Helmut Kohl, father of German reunification Passes Away

Former German Chancellor Helmut Kohl, who is hailed as the father of German unification has passed away. He was responsible for unifying Germany after the 1989 fall of the Berlin Wall despite facing stiff resistance from Margaret Thatcher and Mikhail Gorbachev.

East and West Germany were separated post World War II. After Soviet Union relinquished control of Eastern Europe, Helmunt Kohl worked towards unifying East and West Germany by giving constant assurances to the Western leaders that a united Germany posed no threat.

Helmunt Kohl was the longest serving post-war chancellor of Germany since 1945. He served as chancellor for 16 years from 1982 to 1998.

Initially Helmunt Kohl served as the chancellor of West Germany in 1982 and later became the chancellor of Germany after reunification in 1990.

He was also the driving force behind the introduction of the euro currency in the Germany at a time when Germans were sceptical  to give up their cherished deutschemark.


Justice PN Bhagwati, a Pioneer of Judicial Activism Passes Away

Former Chief Justice of India Prafullachandra Natwarlal Bhagwati who is considered as a pioneer of Judicial Activism has passed away. Justice Bhagwati was 95 years old.

Justice Bhagwati introduced the concepts of Public Interest Litigation (PIL) and absolute liability to the Indian judicial system. He made the famous ruling that there was no need for a person to have any Locus Standi to approach the court on the issue of fundamental rights.

One of the important judgments passed by him was in the Maneka Gandhi passport impounding case of 1978. In this case, he ruled that a person had full right to hold a passport and his/her movement cannot be restricted. He also ruled that the prisoners too enjoyed fundamental rights.

Justice Bhagwati

Justice Bhagwati took part in the freedom movement and courted arrest in 1942. Justice Bhagwati graduated in law from Government Law College, Bombay. He started his practice in Bombay High Court and became a judge of the Gujarat High Court in 1960. Justice Bhagwati was a former Chief Justice of the Gujarat High Court and later appointed as a judge of the Supreme Court in July 1973.
Justice PN Bhagwati served as the 17th Chief Justice of India from July 1985 to December 1986.


Jnanpith Awardee C Narayana Reddy Passes Away

Renowned Telugu poet and writer Cingireddi Narayana Reddy has passed away.

In 1992, Reddy was awarded the country’s third-highest civilian honour, Padma Bhushan. In 1977, he was awarded the Padma Shri. In 1997, he was nominated to the Upper House of Parliament. In 1998, he received the prestigious Jnanpith award for his poetic work Visvambara which got translated into three other languages. Reddy has also written several songs for Telugu movies.

Narayana Reddy was born in Karimnagar district of Andhra Pradesh on July 29, 1931. He had obtained his MA and PhD in Telugu literature from Osmania University. Previously, he had also worked as a professor of the University.