Observations Current Affairs

May 03: World Press Freedom day

World Press Freedom Day is observed on 3 May every year across the world. The theme of 2015 year is: Let Journalism Thrive! Towards better reporting, gender equality and media safety in the digital age.

Observing this day marks an opportunity to:

  • Celebrate the fundamental principles to evaluate press freedom.
  • Assess the state of freedom of press throughout the world.
  • Defend the media from attacks on their independence.
  • Pay tribute to journalists who have lost their lives in the exercise of their profession.

Background

  • In December 1993, World Press Freedom Day was proclaimed by the UN General Assembly (UNGA. It was proclaimed following the recommendation adopted at 26th Session of UNESCO’s General Conference in 1991.
  • This recommendation was a response to a call given by African journalists who in 1991 produced the landmark Windhoek Declaration on media pluralism and independence.
  • Since then 3 May, is observed as anniversary of the Declaration of Windhoek and is celebrated worldwide as World Press Freedom Day.

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Centenary Commemoration of Komagata Maru Incident begins

The commencement of the yearlong celebration commemorating the completion of 100 years after the Komagata Maru incident was undertaken by the Ministry of Culture in New Delhi.

Inaugural Function

Three granddaughters of Baba Gurdit Singh, the hero of the incident, were honored at the function inaugurating the beginning of the celebrations. A set of commemorative coins of Rs. 5 and Rs. 100 denominations were also released.

Celebrations

A National Implementation Committee has been constituted by the central government to finalise and decide on the programmes to be undertaken in the one year span. The programmes are believed to include national and international conference, publications, development of digital archives, making of movies and documentaries etc. An International Seminar titled ‘Komagata Maru: Context, Significance and Legacy’ is one of the proposals being considered. A week long function in Vancouver is also being planned. Efforts are being made to honour the descendants of the Indians involved in the incident and the Canadians who helped the cause financially or legally.

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