Odisha Current Affairs

Japanese Encephalitis claims 54 lives in Odisha’s Malkangiri district

The Japanese Encephalitis has claimed 54 lives in Odisha’s backward Malkangiri district in just a more than a month.

The State Government is monitoring and overseeing the measures to check the spread of Japanese Encephalitis.

What is Japanese Encephalitis?

  • Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus. It belongs to the same genus as dengue, yellow fever and West Nile viruses.
  • The first case of JE was documented in 1871 in Japan.
  • Target: JE primarily affects children. Most adults in endemic countries have natural immunity after childhood infection, but individuals of any age may be affected.jev
  • Transmission: It is transmitted by rice field breeding mosquitoes (primarily Culex tritaeniorhynchus group).
  • The mosquitoes transmit JE by feeding on domestic pigs and wild birds infected with the Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV). It is not transmitted from person-to-person.
  • Disease outbreaks: Major JE outbreaks occur every 2-15 years. JE transmission mainly intensifies during the rainy season, during which vector populations increase.
  • Signs and symptoms: Most JE infections are mild (fever and headache) or without apparent symptoms, but it may result in severe clinical illness.
  • Severe infection is marked by quick onset, headache, high fever, neck stiffness, disorientation, stupor, occasional convulsions (especially in infants) etc.
  • Treatment: There is no specific therapy. Intensive supportive therapy is indicated.


National Seismic Programme launched in Odisha

The Union Government has launched National Seismic Programme (NSP) to trace hydrocarbon resources like oil and natural gas in Mahanadi basin.

It was launched by Union Minister of State (MoS) for Petroleum and Natural Gas at Taranga village under Soro block in Balasore district of Odisha.


Mahanadi basin has been chosen as the first location for the roll out of this national-level programme. The outcome from the NSP help in better understanding of the sub-surface with petroleum systems across wider geological ages especially in sedimentary basins to explore hydrocarbon reserves in Odisha.

What is National Seismic Programme (NSP)?

  • NSP aims to undertake a fresh appraisal in all sedimentary basins across India in order to have better understanding of the hydrocarbon potential of the country.
  • Under this programme, high-resolution 2D seismic Acquisition, Processing and Interpretation (API) survey will be conducted across India especially in the sedimentary basins.
  • The survey will be conducted by state owned Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) and Oil India Limited (OIL). The survey project will be completed by March 2019.
  • ONGC will conduct the survey of around 40,835 Line Kilo Meter (LKM) in onland part of 26 sedimentary basins in 18 states/UTs including Mahanadi basin.
  • While OIL will carry out the survey of 7,408 LKM in the North eastern states of Assam, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Nagaland.


Long range surface-to-air Barak-8 missile successfully test fired

India and Israel jointly developed most advanced long range surface-to-air missile (LR-SAM)  Barak-8 was successfully test fired off the Odisha coast.

The missile was test fired from a mobile launcher at the Integrated Test Range in Chandipur in Balasore district in Odisha.

About Barak-8 missile

  • Barak-8 (Lightning 8 in Hebrew) is long-range nuclear capable ballistic missile, developed jointly by Israel and India.
  • It has been designed and developed by DRDO, Israel Aerospace Industries and Israel’s Administration for the Development of Weapons and Technological Infrastructure.
  • It is 4.5-meter long and weighs around 3 tonnes can carry a payload of 70 kilograms. It has a speed of Mach 2.
  • It has the capacity to identify and neutralize various forms of aerial threats such as rockets, UAVs, planes, helicopters in a single flight.
  • Barak-8 missile’s most technologically advanced aspect is its ability to intercept missiles aimed at sea-bound vessels.