P5+1 nations Current Affairs

Iran’s Parliament gives Preliminary approval for Nuclear Deal

The Parliament of Iran has passed a bill that allows the government to implement a historic nuclear deal reached with world powers i.e. P5+1 countries.

The accord will protect the Iran’s nuclear program and lifting of international economic sanctions.

Under the provisions of bill Iranian government can withdraw from implementation of the nuclear deal if the other side fails to lift economic sanctions against Iran. It also says that International inspectors would have only limited access to military sites.

Background

  • The Nuclear deal between Iran and so-called P5+1 US, UK, France, China and Russia plus Germany was struck in July 2015 after 20 months of negotiations.
  • Between 2006 and 2015, United Nations Security Council (UNSC) had passed seven resolutions forcing Iran to stop producing enriched uranium which can be used to build nuclear bombs along with using it for civilian purposes.
  • The nuclear deal had called for the lifting of economic sanctions in return for Iran curbing sensitive nuclear programme activities which may had developed nuclear bomb.

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Iran, P5+1 extend interim nuclear deal for more talks

Iran and P5+1 nations i.e. six major powers have agreed to extend an interim nuclear agreement until July 7, 2015 in order to allow more time for negotiations on a final deal.

This decision was taken during the talks between these nations held in the Vienna, Austria after the deadline expired on 30 June 2015.

It should be noted that the so-called P5+1 (Britain, China, France, Germany, Russia and United States) and Iran are negotiating to curb Iran’s nuclear programme in exchange for limited sanctions relief.

They are working towards an accord that would halt Iran’s sensitive nuclear work for at least a decade in exchange for the lifting of economic sanctions.

Summary Background

  • There is decade long deadlock between Iran and Western countries over the issue of Iran’s Nuclear Programme and safety concerns of uranium enrichment.
  • Western Countries allegations: Western countries especially US is alleging Iran, that their Nuclear Programme may be used by them to produce enriched uranium to develop nuclear warheads.
  • Iran’s response: However, Iran has refused the allegations of western countries and has clearly mentioned that it is its sovereign right to continue its nuclear programme to their energy demand. Even they had mentioned that their Nuclear programme is completely peaceful and not for defence purpose.

P5+1 countries want Iran to reduce its uranium enrichment programme to make sure it cannot produce nuclear warheads.

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