SDGs Current Affairs

India contributes additional $1 million to India-UN Development Partnership Fund

India has contributed an additional $1 million to India-UN Development Partnership Fund launched to support sustainable development projects across the developing world.

Earlier, India had made an initial contribution of $1 million when the fund was created. The amount was allocated for the implementation of a project benefiting seven Small Island Developing States in South Pacific Ocean.

India-UN Development Partnership Fund

The fund was set up in 9 June 2017 (on occasion of the World Oceans Day) as a partnership between India and the United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation (UNOSSC). It is managed by UNOSSC. The fund will be utilized to carry out country-level projects that would be catalytic towards achieving the 17 sustainable development goals (SDGs) of the 2030 Agenda.

The fund prioritises projects reducing poverty and hunger, improving health, education and equality, and expanding access to clean water and energy and livelihoods. It mainly focuses on transformational sustainable development projects in Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and Small Island Developing States. The projects under the fund are implemented by UN agencies in close collaboration with partnering governments.

United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation (UNOSSC)

The UNOSSC was established with an objective to promote, coordinate and support South-South and triangular cooperation across the world within the UN system. It has its genesis in 1974 when the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) had endorsed the establishment of a special unit to promote technical cooperation among developing countries within the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). In 2012, the special unit was given the name UNOSSC by the UNGA through a resolution. UNOSSC receives policy directives and guidance from the UNGA.

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India ranks 116 out of 157 nations on 2017 SDG index

India has been ranked low 116 out of 157 nations on the 2017 Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) Index and Dashboard report released by Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) and Bertelsmann Stiftung.

The index assesses the performance of countries towards achieving the ambitious SDGs. It ranks countries based on their performance across the 17 SDGs.

Key Highlights of 2017 SDG Index and Dashboard report

Top Countries in 2017 SDG Index: Sweden (1st), Denmark (2nd), Finland (3rd), Norway (4th), Czech Republic (5th), Germany (6th), Austria (7th), Switzerland (8th) and Slovenia (9th).United States was ranked 42nd on the Index, Russia and China ranked 62nd and 71st respectively.

It shows that the countries which are closest to fulfilling the objectives of the goals are not the biggest economies but comparably small, developed countries.

India’s performance: India with a score of 58.1 was ranked 116th on the index, behind countries such as Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bhutan and China. Pakistan was ranked 122. In 2016, India was ranked 110th.

Global Scenario: Rising trend of nationalism and protectionism is impeding the implementation of the goals and industrialised countries are not serving as role model in the implementation of the goals. Many of the richest countries in the world are nowhere near achieving objectives of goals but also deteriorating the implementation process for poorer countries because of negative spillover effects.

Need for urgent action: The report calls for urgent need for action on the part of G20 countries in making sustainable development goals a reality both within and beyond their borders. All countries must take up the goals as part of their national development strategies if the SDGs are to be achieved globally.

About Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

The SDGs are the set of 17 non-binding goals featuring 169 targets to be implemented from 2015 to 2030. They were adopted by member countries of United Nations at the 2015 UN Sustainable Development Summit held in New York. These goals intend to achieve sustainable development and are more comprehensive than earlier Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

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