Sendai Framework Current Affairs

India, UNISDR sign Statement of Cooperation on Sendai Framework

India and United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction signed a Statement of Cooperation (SoC) of the Sendai Framework on Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR).

It was signed during the second day of the Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (AMCDRR) 2016 held in New Delhi.

Features of the SoC

  • The cooperation aims to ensure effective implementation and monitoring of the SFDRR through Training and capacity building for Asian countries.
  • It also seeks at promoting international and regional cooperation to reinforce political commitment.
  • It facilitates knowledge sharing and strengthens the capacity of UNISDR for monitoring and review of the Sendai Framework.
  • Underlines the guiding principles, objectives and areas of cooperation between India and UNISDR towards effective implementation and monitoring of SFDRR.
  • India will partner with UNISDR to work towards strengthening the capacity of Asian countries in ensuring risk resilient development.
  • It facilitates sharing of knowledge and experiences and collaborative efforts towards addressing critical regional challenges.

About Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR) 2015-30

  • SFDRR is an international Treaty that was approved by UN member states in March 2015 at the Third World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction held in Sendai, Japan.
  • It is a voluntary and non-binding treaty which recognizes that the UN member State has the primary role to reduce disaster risk. It has framework for 15-year i.e. 2015 to 2030.
  • It calls for sharing the responsibility with other stakeholders including local government, the private sector and other stakeholders.
  • It is successor of the Hyogo Framework for Action (2005–2015), which had been the most encompassing international accord on disaster risk reduction.
  • It sets of common standards, a comprehensive framework with achievable targets, and a legally-based instrument for disaster risk reduction.
  • It calls for adopting integrated and inclusive institutional measures for preventing vulnerability to disaster, increase preparedness for response and recovery and strengthen resilience.
  • Four specific priorities of Sendai Framework: (i) Understanding disaster risk (ii) Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk (iii) Investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience (iv) Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response and recovery, reconstruction and rehabilitation.

7 Global Targets of SFDRR are

sfdrr-targets

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PM Narendra Modi inaugurate Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction

Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the 2016 Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (AMCDRR) in New Delhi.

The conference has been organised by Union Government in collaboration with the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR).

Key Facts

  • 2016 AMCDRR will pave the way for implementation of the Sendai framework in the Asian region and will also devise a mechanism for monitoring its progress.
  • About 2,000 foreign delegates, including ministers from 54 Asia Pacific countries will participate in the 2016 AMCDRR.
  • 2016 AMCDRR will focus on consultation, collaboration and partnership with governments and stakeholders to mainstream Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) in the region.
  • It will adopt the ‘Asian Regional Plan for Implementation of the Sendai Framework’ endorsed by the Asian countries.

Comment

2016 AMCDRR is the seventh edition of the conference after it was established in 2005 and the first major inter-governmental event after the adoption of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR) adopted at 3rd UN World Conference in Sendai, Japan in March, 2015. This is second time India hosting AMCDRR. For the first time India had also hosted the second AMCDRR in 2007 in New Delhi.

PM Narendra Modi after inaugurating 2016 AMCDRR outlined a ten-point agenda for renewing efforts towards disaster risk reduction. The 10-point agenda includes

  • All development sectors must imbibe the principles of disaster risk management.
  • Work towards risk coverage for all starting from poor households to SMEs to MNCs to nation states.
  • Encourage greater leadership and involvement of women in disaster risk management.
  • Invest in risk mapping globally. For mapping risks related to hazards like earthquakes we have accepted standards & parameters.
  • Leverage technology to enhance the efficiency of disaster risk management efforts.
  • Develop a network of universities to work on disaster issues.
  • Utilize the opportunities provided by mobile and social media technologies.
  • Build on local initiatives and capacity.
  • Opportunity to learn from a disaster must not be wasted. After every disaster there are papers on lessons that are rarely applied.
  • Bring greater cohesion in international response to disasters.

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