Sikkim Current Affairs

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Sikkim becomes 22nd State to join UDAY

Sikkim became 22nd state in the country to join Union Government’s Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana (UDAY).

In this regard, Central Government and the state government have signed MoU for operational improvement of Sikkim’s Power Distribution Department.

Key Facts
  • The MoU paves way to improve operational efficiency of the Power Distribution department of the State. It will derive an Overall Net Benefit of approximately Rs. 356 crores to the state.
  • AT&C losses and transmission losses in the state will be brought down through compulsory distribution transformer metering, consumer indexing & GIS mapping of losses, upgrading transformers, meters etc.
  • Besides, smart metering of high-end consumers, feeder audit etc, eliminating the gap between cost of supply of power and realisation will also aid to reduce loses.
About Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojna (UDAY)
  • UDAY Scheme was launched by Union Ministry of Power for financial restructuring of debt of power distribution companies.
  • It aims for financial revival and turnaround of Power Distribution companies (DISCOMs) and also ensures a sustainable permanent solution to the problem.
  • By becoming part of it, states power DISCOMs can convert their debt into state bonds as well as roll out number of measures to improve efficiency at power plants.
  • It seeks to make DISCOMs financially and operationally healthy so that they can supply adequate power at affordable rates and play important role in Government’s ambition of meeting target of 100% Village electrification and 24X7 Power For All.

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Sikkim CM Pawan Chamling honoured with Sustainable Development Leadership Award

Sikkim Chief Minister Pawan Chamling was honoured with prestigious Sustainable Development Leadership Award of the The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI).

He was presented with the award by President Pranab Mukherjee during “World Sustainable Development Summit” in New Delhi.

The award bestowed upon him in recognition of his vision and leadership in environment and sustainable development that made Sikkim India’s first into a fully organic state.

Background

  • Sikkim is only state in India that has attained the official status of fully organic state in January 2016 announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
  • Around 75,000 hectares of land in Sikkim has been converted into certified organic farms following the guidelines as prescribed by National Programme for Organic Production.
  • Sikkim contributes around 80,000 tonnes of organic production out of total 1.24 million tonnes of recorded production in India.
For more details: Sikkim, India’s First Organic State

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New species of pika named Ochotona sikimaria discovered in Sikkim

Scientists have discovered a new species of Pika, a mammal belonging to the rabbit and hare family in the Himalayas in Sikkim.

It has been identified as Ochotona sikimaria’. It is quite distinctive from all other pika species based on the fecal pellets and tissue samples.

Ochotona sikimaria Pika species looks similar to the Moupin Pika, genetically it is completely different. Their specific differences are not visible in physical observation. But they are genetically very different.

Key Facts

  • Pikas are members of the rabbit family and look like tailless rats.
  • They live in the mountains or in temperate regions.
  • They are a keystone species and ecosystem engineers.
  • They do not hibernate unlike other mammalian species inhabiting such cold climates.
  • The common name pika is basically used for any member of the Ochotonidae family.

What are keystone species?

Keystone species determine the ability of a large number of other species to survive in the ecosystem. When they become extinct, it has cascading effect on extinction of other species.  Example of keystone species is bees as pollination of fruits and flowers is dependent on them.

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