Sunway TaihuLight Current Affairs

China’s Sunway Taihulight wins fastest supercomputer title

China’s ‘Sunway Taihulight’ has won the fastest supercomputer title in the recently released 48th edition of Top500 list of supercomputers.

With this, Chinese supercomputer has retained the top spot in the list of the world’s fastest supercomputers for the eighth consecutive year.

In this list, the number of systems installed in China had increased to 171 from 168 on last list released in June 2016. United States also now has 171 systems up from 165 in previous list.

About Sunway TaihuLight supercomputer

  • Sunway TaihuLight is built entirely using processors designed and made in China. It had made its first public appearance in June 2016.
  • It was developed by the China’s National Research Centre of Parallel Computer Engineering and Technology (NRCPC).
  • It can perform 93 quadrillions calculations per second (petaflop/s) almost three times as fast as Tianhe-2.
  • In June 2016, TaihuLight had dethroned the former fastest supercomputer Tianhe-2, also a Chinese system but built based on Intel chips.
  • Prior to its introduction, Tianhe-2 had claimed top spot in Top500 list for past three years.
  • TaihuLight is intended for use in research and engineering including climate, weather, life sciences, advanced manufacturing and data analytics.

Other supercomputers in Top500 list

  • Second position: An Intel-based Chinese Tianhe-2 supercomputer which can perform calculations with processing speed of 33.86 Pflops.
  • Third position: Supercomputer Titan of the US Department of Energy (DOE). It has a performance of 17.59 Pflops.
  • Fourth position: IBM Sequoia Supercomputer system installed at US DOE’s Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.
  • Fifth position: The Cori supercomputer. It is a new system installed at US Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. It has a performance of 14.0 petaflop/s.

Top500 list of Supercomputers

Top500 list is considered one of the most authoritative rankings of the world’s supercomputers. It is compiled on the basis of the supercomputers’ performance on the Linpack benchmark by experts from the United States and Germany

Comment

In the 47th edition of list released in June 2016, China had overtaken US in the number of total supercomputers installed. That was the first time that US has not dominated this category since the list was started 23 years ago. It indicates the rise of China in the high performance computing (HPC) field.

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Sunway-TaihuLight: World’s powerful Supercomputer

The 2016 edition of Top500 list of supercomputers has revealed that China’s Sunway TaihuLight supercomputer is the world’s most powerful supercomputer system

Sunway-TaihuLight can perform calculations with processing speed of 124.5 petaflops per second (Pflops). It is world’s first system to surpass 100 petaflops.

This supercomputer has displaced Tianhe-2, an Intel-based Chinese supercomputer that has claimed the top spot in the past six Top500 lists.

About Sunway TaihuLight

  • Sunway TaihuLight supercomputer has been developed by the China’s National Research Centre of Parallel Computer Engineering and Technology (NRCPC).
  • It has been built entirely using processors designed and made in China. It can perform 93 quadrillions calculations per second.
  • It is intended for use in research and engineering including climate, weather, life sciences, advanced manufacturing and data analytics.

Note: One petaflop is equal to one quadrillion sustained floating point operations per second.

Other supercomputers in Top500 list

  • Second position: An Intel-based Chinese Tianhe-2 supercomputer which can perform calculations with processing speed of 33.86 Pflops.
  • Third position: Supercomputer Titan of the US Department of Energy. It has a performance of 17.59 Pflops.
  • Fourth position: Supercomputer It is an IBM BlueGene/Q system installed at DOE’s Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.
  • Fifth position: Supercomputer Fujitsu’s K computer. It has been installed at the RIKEN Advanced Institute for Computational Science (AICS) in Japan.

Top Countries in the list: China (1st position) with 167 super computer systems, US (2nd position) with 165 systems, Japan (3rd position), Germany (4th position) with 26 systems, France (5th position) with 18 systems, Britain (6th position) with 12 systems.

The Top500 list: It is one of the most authoritative and prestigious rankings list of the world’s supercomputers. The list is compiled on the basis of the performance of supercomputers by experts from the US and Germany based on the Linpack benchmark.

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