Swachh Bharat Mission Current Affairs

Enter Your Email Address To Subscribe Daily Digest of Current Affairs:

Government launches Swachh Swasth Sarvatra initiative

Union Government launched Swachh Swasth Sarvatra initiative to strengthen health centres in open defecation-free (ODF) blocks.

The objective of this initiative is to strengthen community health centres in 708 ODF blocks across the country to enable them to achieve higher levels of cleanliness and hygiene.

Key Facts
  • The Swachh Swasth Sarvatra is a part of the Union Government’s flagship Swachh Bharat Mission and is focused on the twin objectives of constructing toilets and enabling behavioural change.
  • It is joint initiative of Ministry of Health and Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation to achieve better health outcomes through improved sanitation and increase awareness on healthy lifestyles.
  • Its objective is to build on and leverage achievements of two complementary programmes – Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) and Kayakalp.
  • Under it, financial assistance of 10 lakh rupees will be given to the community health centres so that they can be strengthened to meet the standards of sanitation, hygiene and infection control.

Along with this, Union Health Minister J P Nadda and Union HRD Minister Prakash Javadekar also jointly launched a booklet- Healthy Children Healthy India. The booklet contains tips on leading a healthy life for children.

Tags:

Okha-Kanalus, Porbandar-Wansjaliya sections of Gujarat become Green Train Corridors

The Union Ministry of Railways has declared the Okha-Kanalus and the Porbandar-Wansjaliya railway sections of Gujarat as Green Train Corridors.

All trains passing on these 175-km long lines (141-km-long Okha-Kanalus route and the 34-km-long Porbandar-Wansjaliya route) are now equipped with bio-toilets.

On these routes, about 29 trains consisting of nearly 700 coaches have been equipped with bio-toilets to prevent open discharge free zone on tracks as part of the Swachh Bharat Mission.

What are Green Train Corridors?

  • Green Train Corridors are sections of the railways which will be free of human waste discharge on the tracks. Trains running on these corridors will be equipped with bio-toilets.
  • Thus, it will completely stop discharge of human waste from trains onto the ground which in turn would help in improving cleanliness and hygiene.
  • The 114-km long Rameswaram-Manamadurai section of Tamil Nadu was made the India’s first Green Rail Corridor in July 2016

Background

The Union Ministry of Railways has taken up a mammoth task of equipping human discharge free bio-toilets in all its coaches by 2021-22 in order to contribute to mission ‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’. It aims at completely stopping discharge of human waste from trains onto the ground in order improving cleanliness and hygiene

What are Biotoilets?

  • The environment-friendly bio-toilets for passenger coaches were developed jointly by Indian Railways and Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
  • In the bio-toilet fitted coaches, human waste is collected in biodigester tanks below the toilets and is decomposed by a consortium of anaerobic bacteria.
  • By the process of hydrolysis, acetogenesis, acidogenesis and methanogenesis, the anaerobic bacteria converts human faecal matter into water and small amount of gases (including methane).

Tags:

Urban areas of Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh declared open defecation free

The Union Urban Development Ministry has declared urban areas of Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh open defecation free (ODF). These are the first states to become open defecation free in urban areas.

It was announced on the occasion of second anniversary of the Swachh Bharat Mission and 147th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi observed on October 2, 2016.

Key Facts

  • In all, 180 and 110 cities and towns in Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh respectively were declared ODF by their chief ministers.
  • So far, total of 405 out of the 4,041 cities and towns across India have claimed to have become open defecation free.
  • The Union Government has set ambitious target of making 334 more cities open defecation free by March 2017.
  • In rural India, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Kerala have achieved more than 90% of toilet construction in households.
  • But Bihar, Odisha and Jammu and Kashmir are still trailing with fewer than 30% of households with toilets in rural areas.

What is Open defecation?

  • Open defecation means people defecate in open spaces such as fields, bushes, forests, open bodies of water rather than using the toilet.
  • Hazards of Open Defecation: It is important factor in causing various diseases like intestinal worm infections, diarrhoea, polio, hepatitis etc.
  • Prevention: Creating awareness about adverse impact of open defecation on health, changing behavioural habit of people, building of community toilets etc.

About Swachh Bharat Mission

  • The Swachh Bharat Mission is the pet project of NDA Government led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
  • It was launched on 2 October 2014 to make India clean and open defecation free by 2019 to mark Mahatma Gandhi’s 150th birth anniversary.
  • The current cleanliness drive aims to end the wide-spread practice of open defecation, build more toilets and improve waste management.

Tags:

Advertisement

12345