Transparency International Current Affairs

India tops in bribery rate among 16 Asia-Pacific nations: Transparency International

According to recent survey released by Transparency International (TI), India had highest bribery rate among the 16 Asia-Pacific countries surveyed between July 2015 and January 2017.

The survey was conducted among more than 21,000 people in the region. It revealed that more than one in four people, when accessing basic services like medicine, education or water.

Key Highlights of the Survey
  • Countries having highest incidence of bribery: 69% of the study group in India said that they have paid a bribe, done a favour or given a gift to receive services.
  • Vietnam follows this suit with 65%, Thailand 41% and Pakistan 40%. China reported a much lower 26%.
  • Countries having lowest incidence of bribery: Japan had the lowest incidence of bribery at 0.2% followed by South Korea and Australia recorded 3% each, Hong Kong 2% and Taiwan 6%.
  • India related facts: Nearly seven in 10 people who had accessed public services in the country have payed bribe.
  • 46% to 60% of Indians said they have paid bribes for various public services, including in public schools and hospitals, getting IDs, voter cards and permits and accessing utilities and police and court services as well.
  • Institution wise facts: Police, a key law and order institution suffer most from corruption. Nearly two in five people in the region mentioned the police were mostly or entirely corrupt (39%).
  • They also perceived political decision-makers at both the national and local level to be highly corrupt. Legislative representatives, officials and local councillors were also highly corrupt (from 35 to 37%).
  • Religious leaders were seen as far cleaner, with fewer than one in five were highly corrupt (18%).

About Transparency International (TI)

TI is an international non-governmental organization based in Berlin, Germany. Its purpose is to take action to combat corruption and prevent criminal activities arising from corruption. It publishes annually Corruption Perceptions Index and Global Corruption Barometer

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India ranks 79 in Corruption Perception Index

India has been ranked 79th out of 176 countries in the recently released Corruption Perception Index (CPI) for the year 2016 by the Berlin-based corruption watchdog Transparency International (TI).

The index has been complied by using World Bank data, the World Economic Forum (WEF) and other institutions  It ranks countries on the score in the scale ranging from 0 (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean).

Key Facts
  • Top 10 Countries: New Zealand and Denmark in joint first place (with a score of 90), followed by Finland (3rd), Sweden (4th), Switzerland (5th), Norway (6th), Singapore (7th), Netherlands (8th), Canada (9th) and Germany (10th).
  • Counties bottom of the index: Somalia was ranked the most corrupt country. Other countries with lower rankings were Syria, South Sudan, North Korea, Afghanistan, and Iraq.
  • In this edition of list, India, China and Brazil with a score of 40 each figured in the 10 key economies in the mid-range.
  • Over two-thirds of the 176 countries in this year’s index fall below the midpoint of the scale of 0 to very clean of index. The global average score is 43, indicating endemic corruption in a country’s public sector.
  • In this edition of list, India has marginally improved its ranking index for 2016 by two points from 38 score in 2015. India’s condition showed growth with inequality.
  • India’s ongoing poor performance with a score of 40 reiterates the state’s inability to effectively deal with petty corruption and large-scale corruption scandals.
  • Regionally, South Asia had performed poorly. Bangladesh at 27th and Nepal at 29th positions were slotted in the highly corrupt section.

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