Water Conservation Current Affairs

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March 22: World Water Day

The World Water Day (WWD) is observed every year on 22 March to spread message of preservation and rationaal consumption of water.

The day focuses attention on the importance of universal access to clean water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) facilities in developing countries. It also advocates for sustainable management of freshwater resources.

 2017 Theme: “Why Wastewater?” It focuses on wastewater and ways to reduce and reuse as over 80% of all the wastewater. It also highlights that untreated wastewater flows from homes, industry, cities and agriculture to nature causing pollution and leading to loss of valuable nutrients and other recoverable materials. It also highlights that waste water as a valuable resource and its safe management as an efficient investment in the health of humans and ecosystem.

This year, observance of the day is supported by various stakeholders across the globe. Many organizations promoted clean and affordable water campaigns for people and sustainable aquatic habitats. In India, Union Ministry of Water Resources had conducted seminar on Waste Water – Monitoring and Management. 

Background

The WWD was first formally proposed in Agenda 21 of United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in 1992. Later, the UN General Assembly (UNGA) accepted the recommendation of UNCED and instituted this day by adopting a resolution A/RES/47/193 in December 1992. The first World Water Day was celebrated on 22 March 1993. Since then, it is observed annually to draw attention on the importance of freshwater and advocating for the sustainable management of fresh water resources.

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Kerala Government launches Haritha Keralam Mission

Kerala Government has launched Haritha Keralam Mission, a comprehensive programme for creating new sustainable development perspectives in the state.

It was launched by Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan in the state capital Thiruvananthapuram. Singer K.J. Yesudas and actor Manju Warrier are the mission ambassador.

Key Facts
  • The Haritha Keralam Mission is multidimensional development project focuses on water conservation, sanitation, environmental protection, and paddy cultivation.
  • It aims to clear and remove waste from all water bodies in the state, ensure disposal of solid waste and removal of waste water and increase the area of land under cultivation
  • It is a comprehensive program for creating new sustainable development perspectives in the state by maximum utilization of opportunities through waste management, water resources and agricultural development using organic farming.
  • This is the first of the four mega missions planned by the LDF government. The health, housing and education missions will be launched subsequently.

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Dr. B R Ambedkar’s birth anniversary will be observed as Water Day

The Union Government is going to observe birth anniversary of the father of Indian Constitution B R Ambedkar (April 14) as “Water Day” in the country.

It was announced by Union Minister for Water Resources Minister Uma Bharti in New Delhi. She made this announcement while addressing a National Seminar on Marching ahead on Dr. Ambedkar’s path of water resources management for inclusive growth. It was organized by Central Water Commission (CWC) in New Delhi.

What is purpose?

The idea behind observing Water Day on birth anniversary of Dr. Ambedkar is to sensitise people about managing precious water resources. It will also spread awareness about work of Dr. Ambedkar who was also responsible for a definite all-India policy on managing water resources in India besides being instrumental in framing the country’s Constitution.

Background

The CWC paper (Ambedkar’s contribution to water resources development) released on the occasion of the Dr. Ambedkar’s 125th birth anniversary in April 2016 mentions that he was a pioneer in the field of developing multi-purpose projects for independent India. In fact, he was the moving spirit behind the Damodar Valley, Hirakud and other projects. He had helped in evolving a new water and power policy during 1942-46 to utilise the water resources of the country to the best advantage of everybody.

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