Water Conservation Current Affairs

Maharashtra Government to raise $270 m from Green Climate Fund

The 2030 Water Resources Group (2030WRG) has decided to help the Maharashtra Government to raise $270 million from the Green Climate Fund (GCF).

The amount raised will be invested in state government’s integrated watershed programmes such as Jalyukt Shivar Yojana which has successfully augmented the ground water in drought affected areas of the state.

Moreover, the raised fund will be also used to further connect efficient use of water at the village level, where the fund will be useful for technology and infrastructure development. It will also be used in crop diversification and adding market linkages.

Maharashtra Water Resources Multi-Stakeholder Platform (MWRMP)

2030WRG along with the Maharashtra Government have launched the MWRMP to address critical water resources challenges in the State. The platform will be chaired by the Chief Secretary of Maharashtra.

The platform aims to accelerate water use efficiency programme in irrigated areas, along with agriculture growth and income enhancement. It will also develop public-private-community partnership models for implementation of the programmes. It will develop viable financing solutions, including blended finance models for promoting efficient use of water. 

2030WRG

The 2030WRG is hosted by the International Finance Corporation (IFC), a member of the World Bank Group. It is a public-private-civil society collaboration for water resources reform in developing economies. Its ultimate aim is to close the gap between water demand and supply by the year 2030. It facilitates open, trust-based dialogue processes to drive action on water resources reform in water stressed countries in developing economies.

Green Climate Fund (GCF)

The GCF is a fund under the UN. It is guided by the principles and provisions of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. It aims to help developing countries to finance clean energy projects other mitigation efforts and adaptation to climate change.

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March 22: World Water Day

The World Water Day (WWD) is observed every year on 22 March to spread message of preservation and rationaal consumption of water.

The day focuses attention on the importance of universal access to clean water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) facilities in developing countries. It also advocates for sustainable management of freshwater resources.

 2017 Theme: “Why Wastewater?” It focuses on wastewater and ways to reduce and reuse as over 80% of all the wastewater. It also highlights that untreated wastewater flows from homes, industry, cities and agriculture to nature causing pollution and leading to loss of valuable nutrients and other recoverable materials. It also highlights that waste water as a valuable resource and its safe management as an efficient investment in the health of humans and ecosystem.

This year, observance of the day is supported by various stakeholders across the globe. Many organizations promoted clean and affordable water campaigns for people and sustainable aquatic habitats. In India, Union Ministry of Water Resources had conducted seminar on Waste Water – Monitoring and Management. 

Background

The WWD was first formally proposed in Agenda 21 of United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in 1992. Later, the UN General Assembly (UNGA) accepted the recommendation of UNCED and instituted this day by adopting a resolution A/RES/47/193 in December 1992. The first World Water Day was celebrated on 22 March 1993. Since then, it is observed annually to draw attention on the importance of freshwater and advocating for the sustainable management of fresh water resources.

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