WEF Current Affairs

World Economic Forum: Mumbai and Kota among World’s most Crowded

World Economic Forum citing UN-Habitat data has named two Indian cities-Mumbai and Kota among the world’s most crowded cities. Dhaka has topped the list followed by India’s financial capital Mumbai. Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh has a population density of 44,500 people per square kilometre. Mumbai has a population density of 31,700 people per square kilometre. Another Indian city Kota in Rajasthan with 12,100 people per square kilometre has been ranked seventh in the list.

Medellin in Columbia with a population density of 19,700 people per square kilometre has been ranked third followed by Manila, Philippines at 4th place with a density of 14,800;Casablanca, Morocco at 5th place with a density of 14,200; Lagos, Nigeria at 6th place with a density of 13,300; Singapore at 8th place with a density of 10,200 and finally Jakarta, Indonesia at 9th place with a density of 9,600.

It has been estimated that more than half of the world’s population resides in urban areas and the UN expects this to increase to 66% by 2050 with around 90% increase concentrated in Asia and Africa.

UN-Habitat

UN-Habitat, also known as United Nations Human Settlements Program is a UN agency for sustainable urban development and human settlements. It was established in 1978 and has its headquarters in the UN Office at Nairobi, Kenya. It is mandated by the United Nations General Assembly to promote socially and environmentally sustainable towns and cities with the goal of providing adequate shelter for all. It is also a member of UNDP. UN-Habitat works in more than 70 countries in five continents focusing on seven areas: Urban Legislation, Land and Governance; Urban Planning and Design; Urban Economy; Urban Basic Services; Housing and Slum Upgrading; Risk Reduction and Rehabilitation; and Urban Research and Capacity Development.

 

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India ranks 40 in WEF’s 2017 Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index

India was ranked 40th among the 136 economies across the world in 2017 Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index (TTCI) released by the World Economic Forum (WEF).

In this edition of index, India has jumped 12 places from earlier 52nd position in 2015. But it lagged behind its other Asian peers like Japan (4th) and China (13th).

Key Facts
  • Top 10 Countries in 2017 TTCI: Spain (1st), France (2nd), Germany (3rd), (4th), the United Kingdom (5th), the United States (6th), Australia (7th), Italy (8th), Canada (9th) and Switzerland (10th).
  • Globally, advanced economies still hold the top slots, 12 of the top 15 most improved countries are emerging markets.
  • Regionally, rise of Asia’s giants shows that Asian Tourism Century is becoming a reality. To reach their potential, Asian countries still have more to do, from enhancing security, promoting their cultural heritage, building their infrastructure and creating stronger visa policies.
  • The travel and tourism industry is considered force for good in largely stagnant global economy. This sector accounts for 10% of global GDP, growing faster than other sectors and providing one in 10 jobs.
  • India related Facts: India continues to enrich its cultural resources, protecting more cultural sites and intangible expressions through UNESCO World Heritage lists, and via a greater digital presence.
  • Some of the factors that helped India to improve its rank include international openness through strong policies such as implementing visa on arrival and e-visas, and improvements ground transport infrastructure.
  • Moreover India’s vast cultural and natural resources and its price competitiveness advantage also attracted international tourists.
  • India has seen continued growth in international arrivals over the past 15 years, reaching the 8 million mark in 2015.
  • But, still it needs to improve health conditions which are inadequate at present, similarly, ICT readiness, security concerns and human resources are improving, but remain “weak”.
  • Indian travel and tourism sector presents significant opportunities that are yet to be reaped, especially in provision of tourist service infrastructure, and also in terms of additional accommodation capacity and entertainment facilities.

About Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index

  • The index compiled by World Economic Forum (WEF) ranks 136 countries across 14 dimensions under sub-indexes.
  • It measures set of factors and policies that enable sustainable development of travel and tourism sector, which in turn, contributes to the development and competitiveness of a country.
  • It further reveals how well countries could deliver sustainable economic and societal benefits through their travel and tourism sector.

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