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SC sets 25% of husband’s net salary as alimony

The Supreme Court in its latest ruling has set 25% of the net salary as the maintenance to be paid by a husband to his estranged wife. The Court has observed that the alimony paid to a woman must be “just and proper” and must be sufficient enough to ensure that a woman lived with dignity after separating from her husband. It has further observed that the alimony must be befitting the status of the parties and the capacity of the spouse to pay maintenance.

The ruling has come on a man’s plea challenging Calcutta High Court’s order that asked him to pay Rs 23,000 every month as alimony to his former wife. But the Bench of justices R Banumathi and MM Santanagoudar turned down his plea that the amount was excessive.

The present ruling delivered by the Supreme Court follows its inclination to safeguard the interest of women in matrimonial disputes affecting their financial status. In an earlier judgment delivered in 2016, the apex court had observed that as per Hindu Law, the husband has got a personal obligation to maintain his wife whether or not he possessed any property. In case if he possessed of properties, then his wife will be entitled to a right to be maintained out of such properties.

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Cab safety measures for women included in the New Taxi Policy guidelines

Cab safety measures for women commuters as recommended by the Ministry of Women and Child Development to the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways and Shipping (MoRTH) have been included in the new Taxi Policy guidelines. These recommendations from the Ministry of Women and Child Development comes at the backdrop of increasing cases of sexual harassment of women commuters in the cabs.

Recommendations that were included in the New Taxi policy guidelines are:

  • Mandatory fitting of GPS panic devices in the taxis.
  • To ensure the safety of women and child passengers, central locking system in the taxis to be disallowed.
  • Sharing of a seat in the cabs must be subject to the willingness of passengers.
  • Identification of driver along with the photo and the registration number should be prominently displayed in the cab.
  • Violation of stipulated rules and regulations by taxi operators and drivers to be strictly dealt in accordance with law.

Taxi Policy guidelines

Ministry of Road Transport & Highways (MoRTH) had constituted a committee to review issues relating to taxi permits and propose taxi policy guidelines to promote urban mobility. The committee comprised of the representatives from MoRTH, Transport Commissioners from four States and representatives from Central Pollution Control Board, Delhi Police, Ministry of Women and Child Development, NITI Aayog and Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, submitted its report in December 2016. The policy is recommendatory in nature and is expected to help the states in framing detailed regulations.

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India ranks 148 in 2017 UN Women in Politics Map

In recently released 2017 Women in Politics Map report, India was ranked low at 148th position in representation of women in executive government. It was released by the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) and UN Women.

The report was launched on sidelines of 61st Commission on Status of Women, the largest inter-governmental forum on women’s rights and gender equality. The theme for this year event is on women’s economic empowerment in the changing world of work.

Key highlights of the report
  • Globally, the number of women in executive government and in Parliament has stagnated, with only marginal improvements since 2015.
  • Top 10 countries with highest women in parliament: Rwanda, Bolivia, Cuba, Iceland, Nicaragua, Sweden, Senegal, Mexico, Finland and South Africa.
  • Region wise facts: In Europe, the total percentage stood at 22.5%. In Nordic countries the number of female ministers fell by more than six per cent to 43.5%.
  • Women’s representation in the Americas made the most significant gains. Women’s participation in parliaments rose to 25% from 22.4% in 2015. But the region saw a drop in Heads of State.
  • In Africa, female ministers saw a decline in numbers, after years of steady growth. About 19.7% of the region’s ministerial posts are held by women.
  • In Asia, women hold 11% of ministerial posts. Indonesia tops in the region with 25.7% women representatives in the government.
  • Among the Arab States, 9.7% of senior executive posts are held by women. Tunisia and United Arab Emirates top in region with 23.1% and 26.7%, respectively.
  • India related facts: Women make up 11.8% of the Lok Sabha i.e. 64 were elected to the 542-member house and 11% of the Rajya Sabha with 27 of the 245 members. India ranked 88 in the number of women ministers with five or 18.5% in the cabinet. 
Comment

This report shows that progress in gender equality remains slow in all structures of power and types of decision-making. Power is still firmly in men’s hands. Equal representation for women in par with men in positions of power is a fundamental precondition for truly effective and accountable democracy.

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