World Health Day Current Affairs

April 7: World Health Day  

The World Health Day (WHD) is observed every year on 7 April to mark the anniversary of the founding of the World Health Organization (WHO).

Observance of the day focuses on disseminating knowledge and awareness about human health, increasing life expectancy by adding good health to the lives of people and promoting healthier living habits across the globe.

The day also provides with a unique opportunity to mobilize action around a specific health topic of concern to people all over the world.

2017 theme: “Depression: Let’s talk. It seeks to encourage people to come forward for treatment. Under it, WHO will be leading a one-year global campaign on depression which is the leading cause of ill health and disability worldwide. The goal of the campaign is that people with depression get help.

More than 300 million people around the world are now living with depression, an increase of more than 18% between 2005 and 2015. It affects people of all ages, from all walks of life, in all countries. At worst, depression can lead to suicide, which is now the second leading cause of death among 15-29-year olds. 

Background
  • The World Health Organisation (WHO) annually marks World Health Day on 7 April to celebrate its founding in 1948. It is one of eight official global public health campaigns marked by WHO
  • On this day in 1948, the first World Health Assembly was held Geneva, Switzerland. Since then the World Health Assembly decided to celebrate 7 April of each year with effect from 1950 as the World Health Day.

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April 7: World Health Day

Every year World Health Day (WHD) is being observed on 7 April to disseminate knowledge and awareness about human health.

The day focuses on increasing life expectancy by adding good health to the lives of people and promoting healthier living habits across the globe.

2016 theme: Beat Diabetes.

Background

  • World Health Organisation (WHO) is marking its annual World Health Day (7 April), to celebrate Organization’s founding in 1948 on this day in the first World Health Assembly.
  • Since then the World Health Assembly decided to celebrate 7 April of each year with effect from 1950 as the World Health Day.
  • It is one of eight official global public health campaigns marked by WHO along with World Tuberculosis Day, World Malaria Day, World No Tobacco Day, World Immunization Week, World Hepatitis Day, World AIDS Day and World Blood Donor Day.

What is Diabetes?

  • Diabetes is a chronic, progressive non-communicable disease (NCD) characterized by elevated levels of blood sugar (blood glucose).
  • It occurs when (i) the pancreas does not produce enough of the insulin hormone, which regulates blood sugar (ii) the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces.

According to World Health Organization (WHO) the number of people living with diabetes has almost quadrupled since 1980 to 422 million adults over 35 years of age with most living in developing countries.  Factors driving this dramatic rise include overweight and obesity. It now affects nearly one in every eleven people around the world.

Measures to reduce diabetes risk factors

Expanding health-promoting environments like physical inactivity and unhealthy diets and strengthening national capacities to help people with diabetes receive the treatment and care.

Global commitments to reduce diabetes

  • Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target 3.4 calls for reducing premature death from NCDs, including diabetes by 30% by 2030.
  • Governments have also committed to achieving 4 time-bound national commitments set out in the 2014 UN General Assembly “Outcome Document on Noncommunicable Diseases”.
  • They are also attaining the 9 global targets of WHO laid out in the “Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of NCDs” which include halting the rise in diabetes and obesity.

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