World Hepatitis Day Current Affairs

28 July: World Hepatitis Day

The World Hepatitis Day is being observed every year on July 28 around the world by World Health Organisation (WHO) to spread awareness about viral hepatitis. This year the theme of the Day is – “Eliminate Hepatitis”.

The observance of the day seeks to encourage diagnosis, prevention and treatment of Hepatitis. Provide a single global platform to raise awareness about hepatitis and influence real change in disease prevention, testing and treatment

Hepatitis

Hepatitis is a viral infection which causes inflammation in the liver. It is a group of infectious diseases known as Hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E. According to WHO, Hepatitis affects hundreds of millions of people worldwide, causing acute and chronic disease and killing close to 1.4 million people every year.

About World Hepatitis Day

The day is being observed since 2010. It is one of the 8 official global public health campaigns marked by the WHO. It was established by resolution of WHO passed in in May 2010. The date 28 July was chosen to mark the birth anniversary of Professor Baruch Blumberg who had discovered hepatitis B virus. He was awarded with the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1976) for this discovery.

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28 July: World Hepatitis Day

The World Hepatitis Day is being observed every year on July 28 around the globe to spread awareness about viral hepatitis.

Significance of the Day: It seeks to encourage diagnosis, prevention and treatment of Hepatitis. Provide a single global platform to raise awareness about hepatitis and influence real change in disease prevention, testing and treatment

2016 Theme:Elimination”. It focuses on elimination of hepatitis as a public health threat by 2030.

About World Hepatitis Day

  • The day is being observed since 2010. It is one of the 8 official global public health campaigns marked by the World Health Organization (WHO).
  • WHO had passed a resolution for observance of this day on viral hepatitis in May 2010 had passed, providing official endorsement to it.
  • The date 28 July was chosen to mark the birth anniversary of Professor Baruch Blumberg who had discovered hepatitis B virus. He was awarded with the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1976) for this discovery.

What is Hepatitis?

  • Hepatitis name has derived from Greek word ‘Hepar’ meaning liver and ‘itis’ meaning inflammation.
  • Thus, it is a medical condition in which inflammation occurs in liver cells and its complications vary with the type of infection
  • It is mostly caused by a group of viruses called hepatitis viruses. There are 5 types of hepatitis viz. A, B, C, D and E. Each type is caused by a different hepatitis virus.
  • It can also be caused by intoxicants like drugs, alcohol, chemicals and other infections and autoimmune diseases.

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