World Press Freedom Day Current Affairs

UNESCO to screen Indian short film as part of World Press Freedom Day celebrations

UNESCO to screen Rahul V. Chittella’s short film “Azaad” as a part of World Press Freedom Day event that is scheduled to be held from May 1-4 in Jakarta, Indonesia. The movie is about the dysfunctional relationship between a father and his son. World Press Freedom Day is celebrated by UNESCO to celebrate the principle of freedom of the press.

The theme for this year’s edition of World Press Freedom Day is “Critical Minds for Critical Times: Media’s role in advancing peaceful, just and inclusive societies“.

World Press Freedom Day

May 3 is celebrated as World Press Freedom Day every year to celebrate the fundamental principles of press freedom as well as to evaluate the freedom of press around the world. It serves as an occasion to defend the media from attacks on their independence and to pay tribute to journalists who died while doing their profession.
In 1993, World Press Freedom Day was proclaimed by the UN General Assembly. It was proclaimed following the recommendation of UNESCO at its twenty-sixth General Conference in 1991. It is a day of support for media around the world and serves as a reminder that still in many countries publications are censored, fined, suspended and closed down, while journalists, editors and publishers are harassed, attacked, detained and even murdered. This day is celebrated to act as a reminder to the governments of the need to protect the freedom of press.

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May 3: World Press Freedom Day

World Press Freedom Day (WPFD) is being observed on 3 May every year across the world to raise awareness of the importance of freedom of the press.

This day also seeks to remind governments their duty to respect and uphold right to freedom of expression enshrined under Article 19 of 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

2016 Theme:Access to Information and Fundamental Freedoms – This Is Your Right!

Observing this day marks an opportunity to

  • Celebrate the fundamental principles to evaluate press freedom.
  • Assess the state of freedom of press throughout the world.
  • Defend the media from attacks on their independence.
  • Pay tribute to journalists who have lost their lives in the exercise of their profession.

2016 WPFD is significant because coincides with three important milestones: (i) 250th anniversary of world’s first freedom of information law which covers both modern-day Sweden and Finland. (ii) 25th anniversary of adoption of the Windhoek Declaration of press freedom principles in 1991. (iii) First year of the adaptation of new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in its 15 year life-cycle.

Background

  • World Press Freedom Day was proclaimed by the UN General Assembly (UNGA) in December 1993, following the recommendation adopted at 26th Session of UNESCO’s General Conference in 1991.
  • This recommendation was a response to a call given by African journalists who in 1991 produced the landmark Windhoek Declaration on media pluralism and independence.
  • Since then 3 May, is observed as anniversary of the Declaration of Windhoek and is celebrated worldwide as World Press Freedom Day.

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